Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 528471, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/528471
Research Article

Study on Individual PAHs Content in Ultrafine Particles from Solid Fractions of Diesel and Biodiesel Exhaust Fumes

Central Institute for Labour Protection, National Research Institute, Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warsaw, Poland

Received 5 June 2012; Revised 30 July 2012; Accepted 4 August 2012

Academic Editor: Jean-Luc Blin

Copyright © 2013 Małgorzata Szewczyńska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Matti Maricq, “Chemical characterization of particulate emissions from diesel engines: a review,” Journal of Aerosol Science, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1079–1118, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. B. Bunn, T. W. Hesterberg, P. A. Valberg, T. J. Slavin, G. Hart, and C. A. Lapin, “A reevaluation of the literature regarding the health assessment of diesel engine exhaust,” Inhalation Toxicology, vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 889–900, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. N. Ozsezen, M. Canakci, A. Turkcan, and C. Sayin, “Performance and combustion characteristics of a DI diesel engine fueled with waste palm oil and canola oil methyl esters,” Fuel, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 629–636, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Aksoy, “The effect of opium poppy oil diesel fuel mixture on engine performance and emissions,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 57–62, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Zhang, K. He, X. Shi, and Y. Zhao, “Effect of SME biodiesel blends on PM2.5 emission from a heavy-duty engine,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 43, no. 15, pp. 2442–2448, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Öner and Ş. Altun, “Biodiesel production from inedible animal tallow and an experimental investigation of its use as alternative fuel in a direct injection diesel engine,” Applied Energy, vol. 86, no. 10, pp. 2114–2120, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Demirbas, “Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 14–34, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. A. Basha, K. R. Gopal, and S. Jebaraj, “A review on biodiesel production, combustion, emissions and performance,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 6-7, pp. 1628–1634, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. C. Sharma, B. Singh, and S. N. Upadhyay, “Advancements in development and characterization of bio diesel: a review,” Fuel, vol. 87, pp. 2355–2373, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  10. Y. C. Lin, W. J. Lee, and H. C. Hou, “PAH emissions and energy efficiency of palm-biodiesel blends fueled on diesel generator,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 40, no. 21, pp. 3930–3940, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. M. Atadashi, M. K. Aroua, and A. A. Aziz, “High quality biodiesel and its diesel engine application: a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1999–2008, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. P. Wong, T. L. Chan, and C. W. Leung, “Characterisation of diesel exhaust particle number and size distributions using mini-dilution tunnel and ejector-diluter measurement techniques,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 37, no. 31, pp. 4435–4446, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Int Panis, B. de Geus, G. Vandenbulcke et al., “Exposure to particulate matter in traffic: a comparison of cyclists and car passengers,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 44, no. 19, pp. 2263–2270, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Romieu, F. Castro-Giner, N. Kunzli, and J. Sunyer, “Air pollution, oxidative stress and dietary supplementation: a review,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 179–196, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. C. Lin, C. F. Lee, and T. Fang, “Characterization of particle size distribution from diesel engines fueled with palm-biodiesel blends and paraffinic fuel blends,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1133–1143, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Donaldson, L. Tran, L. A. Jimenez et al., “Combustion-derived nanoparticles: a review of their toxicology following inhalation exposure,” Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 2, article 10, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. He, Y. Ge, J. Tan et al., “Comparison of carbonyl compounds emissions from diesel engine fueled with biodiesel and diesel,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 43, no. 24, pp. 3657–3661, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. H. Tsai, S. J. Chen, K. L. Huang et al., “PM, carbon, and PAH emissions from a diesel generator fuelled with soy-biodiesel blends,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 179, no. 1–3, pp. 237–243, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. Karavalakis, S. Stournas, and E. Bakeas, “Impact of biodiesel blends on fuel consumption and emissions in euro 4 compliant vehicles,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 407, no. 10, pp. 3338–3346, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. He, Y. Ge, J. Tan, K. You, X. Han, and J. Wang, “Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons emissions of diesel engine fueled with biodiesel and diesel,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 8, pp. 2040–2046, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Karavalakis, V. Boutsika, S. Stournas, and E. Bakeas, “Biodiesel emissions profile in modern diesel vehicles. Part 2: Effect of biodiesel origin on carbonyl, PAH, nitro-PAH and oxy-PAH emissions,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 409, no. 4, pp. 738–747, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Ballesteros, J. J. Hernández, and L. L. Lyons, “An experimental study of the influence of biofuel origin on particle-associated PAH emissions,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 930–938, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. J. Swanson, M. C. Madden, and A. J. Ghio, “Biodiesel exhaust: the need for health effects research,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 496–499, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. M. Corrêa and G. Arbilla, “Aromatic hydrocarbons emissions in diesel and biodiesel exhaust,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 40, no. 35, pp. 6821–6826, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. A. Westphal, J. Krahl, T. Brüning, E. Hallier, and J. Bünger, “Ether oxygenate additives in gasoline reduce toxicity of exhausts,” Toxicology, vol. 268, no. 3, pp. 198–203, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. J. Tsai, H. Y. Shieh, W. J. Lee, and S. O. Lai, “Characterization of PAHs in the atmosphere of carbon black manufacturing workplaces,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 91, no. 1–3, pp. 25–42, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. “98/83/EC Council Directive, on the quality of water intended for human consumption,” European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1998.
  28. “2006/0129 Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy and amending Directive 2000/60/EC,” European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 2006.
  29. PN-Z-04240-5, “Ochrona czystości powietrza—Badania zawartości wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych—Część 5: Oznaczanie antracenu, benzo/a/antracenu, chryzenu, benzo/b/fluorantenu, benzo/k/fluorantenu, benzo/a/pirenu, dibenzo/ah/antracenu, benzo/ghi/perylenu i indeno/123 cd/pirenu na stanowiskach pracy metodą wysokosprawnej chromatografii cieczowej,” 2006. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Baraniecka, K. Pyrzyńska, M. Szewczyńska, M. Pośniak, and E. Dobrzyńska, “Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from selected processes in steelworks,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 183, no. 1–3, pp. 111–115, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus