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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 530843, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/530843
Research Article

Fast Analysis of Water Samples for Trace Amount of Crystal Violet Dye Based on Solid Phase Extraction Using Nanoporous SBA-3 prior to Determination by Fiber Optic-Linear Array Detection Spectrophotometry

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University College of Science, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran

Received 17 June 2013; Revised 28 October 2013; Accepted 28 October 2013

Academic Editor: Jean-Luc Blin

Copyright © 2013 Azam Azarkohan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A solid phase preconcentration procedure using SBA-3 nanosorbent for the fast separation and preconcentration of crystal violet (CV) in water samples by fiber optic-linear array detection spectrophotometry (FO-LADS) is presented. Experimental parameters including pH, sample volume, amount of sorbent, type, volume, and concentration of eluent that affect the recovery of crystal violet have been optimized. Under optimized experimental conditions, analytical parameters including limit of detection, linear working range, and relative standard deviation have also been determined. A preconcentration factor of 200 was achieved in this method. In the initial solution, the detection limit for CV was found as 1.3 μg L−1. Under optimal conditions maximum adsorption capacity was obtained as 344.83 mg g−1. Also, the relative standard deviation was less than ±1.3% ( ). The presented procedure was applied to the determination of crystal violet in water samples (fish, fish farming water, and river water) with good results.