Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 538462, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/538462
Research Article

Lead-Silver Anode Degradation during Zinc Electrorecovery Process: Chloride Effect and Localized Damage

1Department of Chemistry, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731, Iran
2Center of Climate Changes and Global Warming (CCCGW), Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731, Iran

Received 4 May 2013; Revised 1 September 2013; Accepted 18 September 2013

Academic Editor: Aicheng Chen

Copyright © 2013 Mohsen Lashgari and Farzaneh Hosseini. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Raghavan, P. K. Mohanan, and S. K. Verma, “Modified zinc sulphate solution purification technique to obtain low levels of cobalt for the zinc electrowinning process,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 187–206, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Recéndiz, I. González, and J. L. Nava, “Current efficiency studies of the zinc electrowinning process on aluminum rotating cylinder electrode (RCE) in sulfuric acid medium: influence of different additives,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 24, pp. 6880–6887, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Nguyen and A. Atrens, “Composition and morphology of the film formed on a lead alloy under conditions typical of the electro-winning of copper,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 96, no. 1-2, pp. 14–26, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Rerolle and R. Wiart, “Kinetics of Pb and PbAg anodes for zinc electrowinning—I: formation of PbSO4 layers at low polarization,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 939–948, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Felder and R. D. Prengaman, “Lead alloys for permanent anodes in the nonferrous metals industry,” JOM, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 28–31, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Rerolle and R. Wiart, “Kinetics of oxygen evolution on Pb and Pb-Ag anodes during zinc electrowinning,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 41, no. 7-8, pp. 1063–1069, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Cachet, C. Rerolle, and R. Wiart, “Kinetics of Pb and Pb-Ag anodes for zinc electrowinning—II: oxygen evolution at high polarization,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 83–90, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. H. Newnham, “Corrosion rates of lead based anodes for zinc electrowinning at high current densities,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 116–124, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. McCafferty, “Sequence of steps in the pitting of aluminum by chloride ions,” Corrosion Science, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1421–1438, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Takasaki and Watanabe Metals Ltd, International Symposium on Lead and Zinc Processing, Durban, South Africa, 2008.
  11. S. Rashkov, T. Dobrev, Z. Noncheva, Y. Stefanov, B. Rashkova, and M. Petrova, “Lead-cobalt anodes for electrowinning of zinc from sulphate electrolytes,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 223–230, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Cachet, C. Le Pape-Rérolle, and R. Wiart, “Influence of Co2+ and Mn2+ ions on the kinetics of lead anodes for zinc electrowinning,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 813–820, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Lashgari, M. Arshadi, and S. Miandari, “The enhancing power of iodide on corrosion prevention of mild steel in the presence of a synthetic-soluble Schiff-base: electrochemical and surface analyses,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55, no. 20, pp. 6058–6063, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Lashgari and M. Osanloo, “Mechanistic studies of the synergistic effect: copper corrosion in HCl medium in the presence of a synthetic/eco-friendly inhibitor,” International Review of Biophysical Chemistry, vol. 2, pp. 1–8, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. ASTM E536-08, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Zinc and Zinc Alloys, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2008.
  16. M. Lashgari, M. Arshadi, and M. Biglar, “Comparative studies of some heterocyclic compounds as corrosion inhibitors of copper in phosphoric acid media,” Chemical Engineering Communications, vol. 197, no. 10, pp. 1303–1314, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Taguchi, J. Tanaka, T. Bundo, R. Itou, and K. Shirai, “In situ analysis of creep behavior of pure Pb using electrochemical creep system,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 1, pp. 470–474, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. A. Gonzales, J. Rodrigues, and A. Siegmund, “Advances and application of lead alloy anodes for zinc electrowinning,” in Lead and Zinc '05, T. Fujisawa, Ed., vol. 2, pp. 1037–1059, MMIJ, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Fang, H. You, C. Zhu et al., “Thermodynamic and kinetic competition in silver dendrite growth,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 439, no. 1–3, pp. 204–208, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Lashgari, M. R. Arshadi, and V. S. Sastri, “Quantum electrochemical approaches to corrosion inhibition properties of some aniline derivatives in acidic media,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 8, pp. P93–P100, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus