Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 671743, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/671743
Research Article

Determination of Trace Amounts of Palladium in Water Samples by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction

1Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran 19395-3697, Iran
2Quality Control Department, Daana Pharmaceutical Company, Tabriz 501575-5181, Iran

Received 21 June 2012; Accepted 8 October 2012

Academic Editor: Serife Tokalioglu

Copyright © 2013 Mohammad Reza Jamali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Kabata-Pendias and A. B. Mukherjee, Trace Elements from Soil to Human, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2007.
  2. K. Machida, M. Enyo, G. Adachi, and J. Shiokawa, “Synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of rare earth platinum or palladium bronzes,” Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, vol. 60, pp. 411–413, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  3. S. A Cotton, Chemistry of Precious Metals, Blackie Academic and Professional, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1997.
  4. S. D. Lee, Biochemical Aspects of Environmental Pollutants, Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Mi, USA, 1980.
  5. I. Jarvis, M. M. Totland, and K. E. Jarvis, “Assessment of Dowex 1-X8-based anion-exchange procedures for the separation and determination of ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, iridium, platinum and gold in geological samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry,” Analyst, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 19–26, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Moldovan, M. M. Gomez, and M. A. Palacios, “On-line preconcentration of palladium on alumina microcolumns and determination in urban waters by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 478, no. 2, pp. 209–217, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  7. J. Enzweiler, P. J. Potts, and K. E. Jarvis, “Determination of platinum, palladium, ruthenium and iridium in geological samples by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using a sodium peroxide fusion and tellurium coprecipitation,” The Analyst, vol. 120, no. 5, pp. 1391–1396, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Levai, A. Lasztity, K. Zih-Perenyi, and Z. Horvath, “Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry determination and on-line preconcentration of palladium,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 272–280, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Komarek, P. Krasensky, J. Balcar, and P. Ehulka, “Determination of palladium and platinum by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after deposition on a graphite tube,” Spectrochimica Acta B, vol. 54, pp. 739–743, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  10. Z. Marczenko, Separaction and Spectrophotometric Determination of Elements, John willey & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1986.
  11. S. V. Bandekar and P. M. Dhadke, “Solvent extraction separation of platinum (IV) and palladium (II) by 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (PC-88A),” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 13, pp. 129–135, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  12. T. N. Lokhande, M. A. Anuse, and M. B. Chavan, “Liquid-liquid extraction of palladium(II) with N-n-octylaniline from hydrochloric acid media,” Talanta, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 163–169, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Zhang, Q. Pu, P. Liu, Q. Sun, and Z. Su, “Synthesis of amidinothioureido-silica gel and its application to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of silver, gold and palladium with on-line preconcentration and separation,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 452, no. 2, pp. 223–230, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Farhadi and G. Teimouri, “Flame atomic absorption determination of palladium in solutions after preconcentration using octadecyl silica membrane disks modified by thioridazine·HCl,” Talanta, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 925–929, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Ş. Tokalıoğlu, T. Oymak, and Ş. Kartal, “Determination of palladium in various samples by atomic absorption spectrometry after preconcentration with dimethylglyoxime on silica gel,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 511, no. 2, pp. 255–260, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. L. G. Borges, M. A. M. S. D. Velga, V. L. A. Frescura, B. Welz, and A. J. Curtius, “Cloud-point extraction for the determination of Cd, Pb and Pd in blood by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, using Ir or Ru as permanent modifiers,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 501–507, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Igarashi, A. Takahashi, Y. Ueki, and H. Yamaguchi, “Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction followed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry of a microdroplet on filter-paper for the simultaneous determination of small amounts of metals,” Analyst, vol. 125, no. 5, pp. 797–798, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. R. Ghiasvand, S. Shadabi, E. Mohagheghzadeh, and P. Hashemi, “Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction method for the selective separation and preconcentration of ultra trace molybdenum,” Talanta, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 912–916, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Fragueiro, I. Lavilla, and C. Bendicho, “Hydride generation-headspace single-drop microextraction-electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry method for determination of selenium in waters after photoassisted prereduction,” Talanta, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 1096–1101, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Fragueiro, I. Lavilla, and C. Bendicho, “Headspace sequestration of arsine onto a Pd(II)-containing aqueous drop as a preconcentration method for electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry,” Spectrochimica Acta B, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 851–855, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Rezaee, Y. Assadi, M. R. Milani Hosseini, E. Aghaee, F. Ahmadi, and S. Berijani, “Determination of organic compounds in water using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1116, no. 1-2, pp. 1–9, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Berijani, Y. Assadi, M. Anbia, M. R. Milani Hosseini, and E. Aghaee, “Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography-flame photometric detection. Very simple, rapid and sensitive method for the determination of organophosphorus pesticides in water,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1123, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. R. Kozani, Y. Assadi, F. Shemirani, M. R. M. Hosseini, and M. R. Jamali, “Part-per-trillion determination of chlorobenzenes in water using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined gas chromatography-electron capture detection,” Talanta, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 387–393, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Rahnama Kozani, Y. Assadi, F. Shemirani, M. R. Milani Hosseini, and M. R. Jamali, “Determination of trihalomethanes in drinking water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction then gas chromatography with electron-capture detection,” Chromatographia, vol. 66, no. 1-2, pp. 81–86, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. Zeini Jahromi, A. Bidari, Y. Assadi, M. R. Milani Hosseini, and M. R. Jamali, “Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Ultra trace determination of cadmium in water samples,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 585, no. 2, pp. 305–311, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Bidari, E. Zeini Jahromi, Y. Assadi, and M. R. Milani Hosseini, “Monitoring of selenium in water samples using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by iridium-modified tube graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 6–12, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus