Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 838590, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/838590
Research Article

Investigation on Aromaticity Index and Double-Bond Equivalent of Aromatic Compounds and Ionic Liquids for Fuel Desulphurization

1Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang, 26300 Pahang, Malaysia
2Chemical Engineering Department, PETRONAS Ionic Liquid Centre, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, 31750 Perak, Malaysia

Received 18 July 2013; Revised 5 November 2013; Accepted 15 November 2013

Academic Editor: Yoshihiro Kudo

Copyright © 2013 Syamsul B. Abdullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Mochizuki and K. Sugawara, “Removal of organic sulfur from hydrocarbon resources using ionic liquids,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 3303–3307, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. A. Syamsul, Z. Man, L. Ismail, A. Maulud, M. I. A. Mutalib, and M. A. Bustam, “An optimization study on the extraction of benzothiophene from model fuel using the ionic liquids 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium octylsulfate,” Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 510–518, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Marciniak, “Influence of anion structure on the liquid-liquid equilibria of 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium cation based ionic liquid-hydrocarbon binary systems,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 368–374, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. B. Shiflett and A. M. S. Niehaus, “Liquid-liquid equilibria in binary mixtures containing substituted benzenes with ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 346–353, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. U. Domańska and M. Królikowski, “Determination of activity coefficients at infinite dilution of 35 solutes in the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tosylate, using gas-liquid chromatography,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 4817–4822, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. B. Shiflett and A. Yokozeki, “Liquid-liquid equilibria in binary mixtures containing fluorinated benzenes and ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 2683–2691, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Huo, S. Xia, and P. Ma, “Solubility of alcohols and aromatic compounds in imidazolium-based ionic liquids,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 2535–2539, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. C. Cassol, A. P. Umpierre, G. Ebeling, B. Ferrera, S. S. X. Chiaro, and J. Dupont, “On the extraction of aromatic compounds from hydrocarbons by imidazolium ionic liquids,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 593–605, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Arce, M. J. Earle, H. Rodríguez, and K. R. Seddon, “Separation of benzene and hexane by solvent extraction with 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}amide ionic liquids: effect of the alkyl-substituent length,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 111, no. 18, pp. 4732–4736, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Eßer, P. Wasserscheid, and A. Jess, “Deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams by extraction with ionic liquids,” Green Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 316–322, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Nie, C. Li, A. Sun, H. Meng, and Z. Wang, “Extractive desulfurization of gasoline using imidazolium-based phosphoric ionic liquids,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 2083–2087, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. X. Jiang, Y. Nie, C. Li, and Z. Wang, “Imidazolium-based alkylphosphate ionic liquids—a potential solvent for extractive desulfurization of fuel,” Fuel, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 79–84, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. A. P. Kumar and T. Banerjee, “Thiophene separation with ionic liquids for desulphurization: a quantum chemical approach,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 278, no. 1-2, pp. 1–8, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B.-M. Su, S. Zhang, and Z. C. Zhang, “Structural elucidation of thiophene interaction with ionic liquids by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 50, pp. 19510–19517, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. P. Koch and T. Dittmar, “From mass to structure: an aromaticity index for high-resolution mass data of natural organic matter,” Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 926–932, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus