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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 964091, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/964091
Research Article

New Semiempirical Equation Describing Evaporation and Condensation in Nonassociated Liquids

1Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences, Academic Street 3, 2028 Kishinev, Moldova
2Gebze Institute of Technology, Istanbul Cd. 101, Cayirova, 41400 Kocaeli, Turkey

Received 10 August 2013; Revised 28 November 2013; Accepted 1 December 2013

Academic Editor: Pedro M. Mancini

Copyright © 2013 Mihail Yu. Gorbachev and Anatholy S. Dimoglo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The consideration of the evaporating and condensing molecules’ interaction with the surface layer of nonassociated liquids made it possible to find an equation for relations between the saturated vapor pressure , from one side, and surface tension, critical temperature, and molar volume of the liquids, from the other side. This equation takes into account the influence of intramolecular conformational transitions of evaporating molecules on the quantity of their energy barrier. There are two types of the condensation process for the nonassociated liquids: soft and hard molecular condensation. For some vapor molecules the surface layer of the liquids behaves as an impenetrable elastic film. In the case of evaporating molecules, their one-particle potential barrier caused by the surface molecules vibration is essentially higher for the conformationally flexible molecules than that for rigid ones.