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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 978764, 8 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of Efficacy of Anionic Surfactant Degradation in the Presence of Concomitant Impurities of Natural Waters

A.V. Dumansky Institute of Colloid Chemistry and Water Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 42 Vernadsky blvd., 03680 Kyiv-142, Ukraine

Received 31 May 2013; Accepted 3 August 2013

Academic Editor: Oleksandr A. Loboda

Copyright © 2013 Yuliya Shvadchina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The efficacy of anionic surfactant—sodium alkylbenzene sulfonate (ABS) degradation in the river waters and model solutions containing humic acid by various oxidation processes has been compared. The most effective method is photocatalytic ozonation (O3/TiO2/UV) which ensures maximum reduction of ABS concentration (94%-95% over 20–30 min) from ~5 mg/dm3 to values not exceeding the MPC (<0.5 mg/dm3) and the highest degree of total organic carbon (TOC) removal (up to 74%) at the lowest values of specific ozone consumption per 1 mg/dm3 of TOC compared to ozonation and O3/UV. Photocatalytic oxidation with air oxygen (O2/TiO2/UV) and O3/UV treatment provides a smaller decrease in ABS concentrations (86%–93% and 71%–87% within 20–30 min, resp.) and significantly lowers TOC removal (up to 57% and 47%, resp.). Ozonation and UV irradiation, used separately, are inefficient methods for ABS degradation (<40%), and for TOC removal (<15%).