Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 451526, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/451526
Research Article

Study on Emission and Performance of Diesel Engine Using Castor Biodiesel

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
3Research and Development Division, Active Fine Chemicals Ltd., West Mukterpur, Munshiganj 1500, Bangladesh
4Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 13 June 2013; Revised 10 November 2013; Accepted 5 December 2013; Published 3 February 2014

Academic Editor: Marcone Augusto Leal de Oliveira

Copyright © 2014 Md. Saiful Islam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Y. Wei, T. C. Huang, and H. H. Chen, “Biodiesel production using supercritical methanol with carbon dioxide and acetic acid,” Journal of Chemistry, vol. 2013, Article ID 789594, 6 pages, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  2. A. Islam, Y. H. Taufiq-Yap, C.-M. Chu, E.-S. Chan, and P. Ravindra, “Studies on design of heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 131–144, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Y. Shrirame, N. L. Panwar, and B. R. Bamniya, “Bio diesel from castor oil—a green energy option,” Low Carbon Economy, vol. 2, pp. 1–6, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. Murugesan, C. Umarani, R. Subramanian, and N. Nedunchezhian, “Bio-diesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines—a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 653–662, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. K. Barnwal and M. P. Sharma, “Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in India,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 363–378, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Belaid, E. Muzenda, G. Mitilene, and M. Mollagee, “Feasibility study for a castor oil extraction plant in South Africa,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 52, pp. 740–744, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Janaun and N. Ellis, “Perspectives on biodiesel as a sustainable fuel,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1312–1320, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. P. Deshpande, Y. D. Urunkar, and P. D. Thakare, “Production of biodiesel from castor oil using acid and base catalysts,” Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, vol. 2, pp. 51–56, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. F. Ma and M. A. Hanna, “Biodiesel production: a review,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Kojima, D. Mitchell, and W. Ward, Considering Trade Policies for Liquid Biofuels, World Bank, Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), Washington, DC, USA, 2007.
  11. C. F. Runge and B. Senauer, “How biofuels could starve the poor,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 41–53, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. J. Berchmans and S. Hirata, “Biodiesel production from crude Jatropha curcas L. seed oil with a high content of free fatty acids,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 1716–1721, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Scholz and J. N. da Silva, “Prospects and risks of the use of castor oil as a fuel,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 95–100, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Demirbas, “Biodiesel production from vegetable oils via catalytic and non-catalytic supercritical methanol transesterification methods,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 31, no. 5-6, pp. 466–487, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. Zhu, C. S. Cheung, W. G. Zhang, and Z. Huang, “Combustion, performance and emission characteristics of a di diesel engine fueled with ethanol-biodiesel blends,” Fuel, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 1743–1750, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. B. Hulwan and S. V. Joshi, “Performance, emission and combustion characteristic of a multicylinder DI diesel engine running on diesel-ethanol-biodiesel blends of high ethanol content,” Applied Energy, vol. 88, no. 12, pp. 5042–5055, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. M. Ejikeme, I. D. Anyaogu, C. L. Ejikeme et al., “Catalysis in biodiesel production by transesterification processes-an insight,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1120–1132, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. E. Soetaredjo, A. Ayucitra, S. Ismadji, and A. L. Maukar, “KOH/bentonite catalysts for transesterification of palm oil to biodiesel,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 341–346, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. C. Enweremadu, H. L. Rutto, and N. Peleowo, “Performance evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl ester of shea butter,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 79, pp. 142–146, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. S. Silitonga, H. C. Ong, T. M. I. Mahlia, H. H. Masjuki, and W. T. Chong, “Characterization and production of Ceiba pentandra biodiesel and its blends,” Fuel, vol. 108, pp. 855–858, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. S. V. S. Vinoth, B. R. Diesh, S. A. Elangovan, and S. Srikanth, “Biodiesel from seabuckthorn oil,” International Journal of Chemical Engineering Application, vol. 2, pp. 15–18, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. S. Ramadhas, C. Muraleedharan, and S. Jayaraj, “Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil,” Renewable Energy, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1789–1800, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Y. C. Leung, “Development of a clean biodiesel fuel in Hong Kong using recycled oil,” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 130, no. 1–4, pp. 277–282, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. C. Enweremadu and M. M. Mbarawa, “Technical aspects of production and analysis of biodiesel from used cooking oil—a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2205–2224, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. A. Fazal, A. S. M. A. Haseeb, and H. H. Masjuki, “Biodiesel feasibility study: an evaluation of material compatibility; performance; emission and engine durability,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1314–1324, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus