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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 929658, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/929658
Research Article

Physicochemical Quality Parameters at the Reception of the Honey Packaging Process: Influence of Type of Honey, Year of Harvest, and Beekeeper

1Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería de Alimentos para el Desarrollo (IUIAD), Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos (DTA), Universitat Politecnica de Valencia (UPV), Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa Aplicadas y Calidad, Centro de Gestión de la Calidad y del Cambio, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia (UPV), Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain

Received 25 November 2014; Accepted 7 April 2015

Academic Editor: Dimitris P. Makris

Copyright © 2015 Marisol Juan-Borrás et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the influence of the type of honey, year of collection, and the beekeeper on the main physicochemical quality parameters (hydroxymethylfurfural “HMF,” moisture, and colour), measured on reception of the raw honey. 1593 samples (11 types of honey categorized by means of pollinic analysis), provided by 98 beekeepers, from 2009 to 2013, were analyzed. Colour was the parameter most affected by the type of honey and year, whereas HMF was the least affected in both cases. The clearest honeys were found to have the greatest moisture (orange, rosemary, and lemon) and the darkest had the least moisture (lavender stoechas, eucalyptus, sunflower, honeydew and retama). Lavender, polyfloral, and thyme had intermediate values of these parameters. For moisture, most samples were in accordance with international requirements (less than 20 g/100 g). All values were below the required limit for HMF (40 mg/kg), although a few of them were abnormally high as they were raw honeys (i.e., 2% of the samples had values higher than 20 mg/kg). The fact that all the inadequate samples came from specific beekeepers highlights the importance of their role, suggesting that training in good practices is the key to guarantee honey quality before it reaches the industry.