Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2573185, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2573185
Research Article

Environmental Factors and Soil CO2 Emissions in an Alpine Swamp Meadow Ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau in Response to Experimental Warming

1Key Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, 36 North Baoshu Road, Hangzhou 310012, China
2College of Life Science and Agriculture and Forestry, Qiqihar University, 42 Wenhua Road, Qiqihar 161006, China
3College of Life Science, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, China

Received 27 October 2015; Accepted 28 February 2016

Academic Editor: Yuangen Yang

Copyright © 2016 Bin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Grabherr, M. Gottfried, and H. Pauli, “Climate effects on mountain plants,” Nature, vol. 369, no. 6480, p. 448, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. C. D. Thomas, A. Cameron, R. E. Green et al., “Extinction risk from climate change,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6970, pp. 145–148, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Klanderud, “Climate change effects on species interactions in an alpine plant community,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 127–137, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Yin, T. Lai, X. Cheng, X. Jiang, and Q. Liu, “Warming effect on growth and physiology of seedlings of Betula albo-sinensis and Abies faxoniana under two contrasting light conditions in subalpine coniferous forests of western Sichuan, China,” Frontiers of Forestry in China, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 432–442, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. A. Morgan, D. R. LeCain, E. Pendall et al., “C4 grasses prosper as carbon dioxide eliminates desiccation in warmed semi-arid grassland,” Nature, vol. 476, no. 3, pp. 202–205, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. E. Nelson, O. A. Anisimov, and N. I. Shiklomanov, “Climate change and hazard zonation in the circum-arctic permafrost regions,” Natural Hazards, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 203–225, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. X. Lin, Z. Zhang, S. Wang et al., “Response of ecosystem respiration to warming and grazing during the growing seasons in the alpine meadow on the Tibetan plateau,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 151, no. 7, pp. 792–802, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001.
  9. M. T. Jorgenson, C. H. Racine, J. C. Walters, and T. E. Osterkamp, “Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska,” Climatic Change, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 551–579, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. B. Lobell, G. L. Hammer, G. McLean, C. Messina, M. J. Roberts, and W. Schlenker, “The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States,” Nature Climate Change, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 497–501, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Mertens, I. Nijs, M. Heuer et al., “Influence of high temperature on end-of-season tundra CO2 exchange,” Ecosystems, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 226–236, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. Welker, J. T. Fahnestock, G. H. R. Henry, K. W. O'Dea, and R. A. Chimner, “CO2 exchange in three Canadian high arctic ecosystems: response to long-term experimental warming,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1981–1995, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Biasi, H. Meyer, O. Rusalimova et al., “Initial effects of experimental warming on carbon exchange rates, plant growth and microbial dynamics of a lichen-rich dwarf shrub tundra in Siberia,” Plant and Soil, vol. 307, no. 1-2, pp. 191–205, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. Wu, P. Dijkstra, G. W. Koch, J. Peñuelas, and B. A. Hungate, “Responses of terrestrial ecosystems to temperature and precipitation change: a meta-analysis of experimental manipulation,” Global Change Biology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 927–942, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. L. Aronson and S. G. McNulty, “Appropriate experimental ecosystem warming methods by ecosystem, objective, and practicality,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 149, no. 11, pp. 1791–1799, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. A. Klein, J. Harte, and X.-Q. Zhao, “Dynamic and complex microclimate responses to warming and grazing manipulations,” Global Change Biology, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1440–1451, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Zhang, D. Hua, X. Meng, and Y. Zhang, “Climate change and its driving effect on the runoff in the “Three-River Headwaters” region,” Acta Geographica Sinica, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 13–24, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. F. Wang, G. X. Wang, and Q. B. Wu, “Environmental factors and near-surface air CO2 concentration of swamp-meadow ecosystem on Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in response to long-term experimental ecosystem warming,” Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 27–33, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  19. T. Kato, Y. H. Tang, S. Gu et al., “Carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and an alpine meadow ecosystem on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 124, no. 1-2, pp. 121–134, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Zhao, Y. N. Li, S. X. Xu et al., “Diurnal, seasonal and annual variation in net ecosystem CO2 exchange of an alpine shrubland on Qinghai-Tibetan plateau,” Global Change Biology, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1940–1953, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Wang, J. Li, W.-W. Jiang, L. Zhao, and S. Gu, “Impacts of the rangeland degradation on CO2 flux and the underlying mechanisms in the Three-River Source Region on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,” China Environmental Science, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1764–1771, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Luo, S. Wan, D. Hui, and L. L. Wallace, “Acclimatization of soil respiration to warming in a tall grass prairie,” Nature, vol. 413, no. 6856, pp. 622–625, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Rustad, J. Campbell, G. Marion et al., “A meta-analysis of the response of soil respiration, net nitrogen mineralization, and aboveground plant growth to experimental ecosystem warming,” Oecologia, vol. 126, no. 4, pp. 543–562, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. J. I. Briones, J. Poskitt, and N. Ostle, “Influence of warming and enchytraeid activities on soil CO2 and CH4 fluxes,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1851–1859, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. Bai, G. X. Wang, and G. S. Liu, “Effects of elevated temperature on CO2 flux during growth season in an alpine meadow ecosystem of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,” Chinese Journal of Ecology, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1045–1051, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  26. T. E. Huxman, A. A. Turnipseed, J. P. Sparks, P. C. Harley, and R. K. Monson, “Temperature as a control over ecosystem CO2 fluxes in a high-elevation, subalpine forest,” Oecologia, vol. 134, no. 4, pp. 537–546, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Saito, T. Kato, and Y. H. Tang, “Temperature controls ecosystem CO2 exchange of an alpine meadow on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau,” Global Change Biology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 221–228, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. M. Debevec and S. F. MacLean, “Design of greenhouses for the manipulation of temperature in tundra plant communities,” Arctic and Alpine Research, vol. 25, no. 1, p. 56, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. H. Yu, Dynamics of grassland growth and its response to climate change on Tibetan Plateau [Ph.D. dissertation], Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China, 2011.
  30. X. M. Zhou, H. K. Zhou, and X. Q. Zhao, “A preliminary study on the effect of simulated warming on short high grass meadow,” Chinese Journal of Ecology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 547–553, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Jonasson, A. Michelsen, I. K. Schmidt, and E. V. Nielsen, “Responses in microbes and plants to changed temperature, nutrient, and light regimes in the arctic,” Ecology, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 1828–1843, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. M. Cao, Y. H. Tang, W. H. Mo, Y. Wang, Y. Li, and X. Zhao, “Grazing intensity alters soil respiration in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan plateau,” Soil Biology & Biochemistry, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 237–243, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. E. Hobbie and F. S. Chaimn III, “The response of tundra plant biomass, aboveground production, nitrogen, and CO2 flux to experimental warming,” Ecology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 1526–1544, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. F. Wang, X. Y. Cui, Y. B. Hao et al., “The fluxes of CO2 from grazed and fenced temperate steppe during two drought years on the Inner Mongolia Plateau, China,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 410-411, no. 1, pp. 182–190, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Q. Wan, J. Y. Xia, W. X. Liu, and S. Niu, “Photosynthetic overcompensation under nocturnal warming enhances grassland carbon sequestration,” Ecology, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 2700–2710, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. H. W. Polley, P. C. Mielnick, W. A. Dugas et al., “Increasing CO2 fromsubambient to elevated concentrations increases grassland respiration per unit of net carbon fixation,” Global Change Biology, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1390–1399, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  37. P. C. Mielnick and W. A. Dugas, “Soil CO2 flux in a tallgrass Prairie,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 221–228, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  38. W. C. Oechel, G. L. Vourlitis, S. J. Hastings, R. P. Ault Jr., and P. Bryant, “The effects of water table manipulation and elevated temperature on the net CO2 flux of wet sedge tundra ecosystems,” Global Change Biology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 77–90, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus