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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 5623126, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5623126
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(urethane-ether azomethine) Fatty Amide Based Corrosion Resistant Coatings from Pongamia glabra Oil: An Eco-Friendly Approach

1Research Center, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Received 16 January 2016; Revised 24 March 2016; Accepted 30 March 2016

Academic Editor: Carola Esposito Corcione

Copyright © 2016 Manawwer Alam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A novel attempt has been made to incorporate azomethine group in the backbone of polyurethane ether Pongamia oil fatty amide. The overall reaction was carried out in different steps like preparation of N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) Pongamia glabra oil fatty amide, poly(ether fatty amide), and poly(urethane-ether) fatty amide. The hydroxyl terminated Schiff base, ethane 1,2-di(azomethine) bisphenol, reacts with fatty amide diol and is further treated with toluylene 2,4-diisocynate (TDI) to form poly(urethane-ether azomethine) fatty amide (PUEAF). These synthesized resins were characterized by FT IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques. Molecular weight of PUEAF resin was measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), coating was made on mild steel strips, and evaluating their physicochemical and physicomechanical analysis was carried out by standard methods. The PUEAF25 coating showed highest scratch hardness (2.5 kg), gloss (90) at 45°, pencil hardness (4H), and impact resistance (150 lb/inch). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)/thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to determine the topography and thermal behavior of PUEAF. Corrosion studies of PUEAF coated mild steel were used in different corrosive media (3.5 wt% HCl, 5 wt% NaCl, and tap water) at room temperature using potentiodynamic polarization technique. The results of this study showed that PUEAF coatings exhibit good physicomechanical, anticorrosive properties and get application up to 180°C.