Table 7: Comparison of the permeate fluxes at different operating conditions in MD for different NaCl solutions.

MD typeMembrane (μm) (°C)Vacuum (kPa) (mL/s) (g/L)Flux (kg/m2 h)Ref.

VMDPTFE0.16510022803566[19]
VMDPP 50/2000.190875 cm/s3.515[29]
VMDPES/TiO2NTs657011355.5[34]
VMDPP0.255973010014.4[35]
VMDPP0.074609342353[36]
VMDPVDF0.26014.5253.54[37]
VMDPVDF0.22659730.63543.8This study
VMDPTFE0.22659730.63552.6This study