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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2163608, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2163608
Research Article

UV Photocatalytic Activity for Water Decomposition of SrxBa1−xNb2O6 Nanocrystals with Different Components and Morphologies

1School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108, China
2Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Science, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Guoqiang Han; moc.liamtoh@nahelag

Received 28 January 2017; Revised 25 April 2017; Accepted 15 May 2017; Published 5 June 2017

Academic Editor: Roberto Comparelli

Copyright © 2017 Guoqiang Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Strontium barium niobate (SBN) nanocrystals with different components (, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) were synthesized by Molten Salt Synthesis (MSS) method at various reaction temperatures ( = 950°C, 1000°C, 1050°C, and 1100°C). The SBN nanocrystals yielded through flux reactions possess different morphologies and sizes with a length of about ~100 nm~7 μm and a diameter of about ~200~500 nm. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) techniques were used to study the compositions, structures, and morphologies of the nanocrystals. The absorption edges of the SBN nanocrystals are at a wavelength region of approximate 390 nm, which corresponds to band-gap energy of ~3.18 eV. The SBN nanocrystals with different sizes display different photocatalytic activity under ultraviolet light in decomposition of water. The SBN60 nanocrystals exhibit stable photocatalytic rates (~100~130 μmol of H2g−1h−1) for hydrogen production. The SBN nanocrystals can be a potential material in the application of photocatalysis and micro/nanooptical devices.