Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 8698759, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8698759
Research Article

The Sulphate Effect on Lijiaxia Concrete Dam (China) Gallery

1School of Earth Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2Yellow River Upstream Hydropower Limited Liability Company, Xining 810008, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hu Zheng; nc.ude.uhh@uhgnehz

Received 27 April 2017; Accepted 3 August 2017; Published 3 October 2017

Academic Editor: Petros Gikas

Copyright © 2017 Xufen Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. T. Zhang, Y. J. Duan, S. M. Cao, J. W. Wang, and D. Q. Tan, “High genetic diversity in population of Lepturichthys fimbriata from the Yangtze River revealed by microsatellite DNA analysis,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 487–491, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. Zhang, D. X. Yang, Y. W. Liu, Y. T. Che, and D. J. Qin, “Impact of impoundment on groundwater seepage in the Three Gorges Dam in China based on CFCs and stable isotopes,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 72, no. 11, pp. 4491–5000, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B.-R. Chen, Q.-P. Li, X.-T. Feng, Y.-X. Xiao, G.-L. Feng, and L.-X. Hu, “Microseismic monitoring of columnar jointed basalt fracture activity: a trial at the Baihetan Hydropower Station, China,” Journal of Seismology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 773–793, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Li, X. Liang, X. Mao, and H. Peng, “Geochemical analysis on educts in the drainage corridor of a big dam over Yangtze River,” Journal of Earth Science, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 180–186, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. Biczók and N. Blasovszky, “Concrete corrosion and concrete protection,” Chemical Publishing Company, 1964, New York. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. A. T. Vu and M. G. Stewart, “Structural reliability of concrete bridges including improved chloride-induced corrosion models,” Structural Safety, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 313–333, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Dhinakaran, S. Thilgavathi, and J. Venkataramana, “Compressive strength and chloride resistance of metakaolin concrete,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1209–1217, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Tichý, P. Lens, J. T. C. Grotenhuis, and P. Bos, “Solid-state reduced sulfur compounds: Environmental aspects and bio- remediation,” Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 1–40, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Richard and MH. Cheyrezy, “Reactive powder concretes with high ductility and 200-800 MPa compressive strength,” ACI Special Publication, vol. 144, pp. 10–14359, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  10. O. Poupard, V. L'Hostis, S. Catinaud, and I. Petre-Lazar, “Corrosion damage diagnosis of a reinforced concrete beam after 40 years natural exposure in marine environment,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 504–520, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Ma, X. Gao, E. A. Byars, and Q. Zhou, “Thaumasite formation in a tunnel of Bapanxia Dam in Western China,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 716–722, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S.-S. Kim and S.-T. Lee, “Microstructural observations on the deterioration of concrete structure for sewage water treatment,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 753–758, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. Liu, G. De Schutter, D. Deng, and Z. Yu, “Micro-analysis of the role of interfacial transition zone in "salt weathering" on concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 2052–2059, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. F. Portella, A. Joukoski, V. Swinka Filho, M. A. Soares, and E. S. Ferreira, “Physical chemistry research of a concrete dam with over 50 years of operation,” Ceramica, vol. 58, no. 347, pp. 374–380, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Z. Song, Environmental hydrogeology around dam-site, China WaterPower Press, Beijing, China, 2007.
  16. F. Goetz-Neunhoeffer, J. Neubauer, and P. Schwesig, “Mineralogical characteristics of ettringites synthesized from solutions and suspensions,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W.-Y. Ouyang, J.-K. Chen, and M.-Q. Jiang, “Evolution of surface hardness of concrete under sulfate attack,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 53, pp. 419–424, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Romer and P. Lienemann, “Deterioration of shotcrete in the safety gallery of the gotthard motorway tunnel by salt-containing water,” Chimia, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 197–201, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Y. Hu, F. M. Long, and M. S. Tang, “The thaumasite form of sulfate attack in concrete of Yongan Dam,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 10, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. P. Bertin, Principles and Practice of X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, Boston, Mass, USA, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Beckhoff, h. B. Kanngießer, N. Langhoff, R. Wedell, and H. Wolff, Handbook of Practical X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. W. H. Bragg and W. L. Bragg, “The structure of the diamond,” in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, vol. 91, p. 557, London, UK, 1913.
  23. W. L. Bragg, R. James, and C. Bosanquet, “The distribution of electrons around the nucleus in the sodium and chlorine atoms,” Philosophical Magazine, vol. 44, no. 261, pp. 433–449, 1922. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. B. Rupp and J. Wang, “Predictive models for protein crystallization,” Methods, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 390–407, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J.-K. Chen and M.-Q. Jiang, “Long-term evolution of delayed ettringite and gypsum in Portland cement mortars under sulfate erosion,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 812–816, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. G. Ma, “Sulfate resistance mechanism of high-performance concrete containing NCI,” Journal Wuhan University of Technology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 6–15, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus