Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 9343824, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9343824
Research Article

A Transdermal Measurement Platform Based on Microfluidics

1Department of Applied Cosmetology and Master Program of Cosmetic Science, Hungkuang University, Taichung 43302, Taiwan
2Department of Chemical Engineering, National United University, Miaoli 36063, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Yung-Sheng Lin; wt.ude.uun@synil

Received 21 September 2017; Accepted 3 December 2017; Published 25 December 2017

Academic Editor: Lorena Tavano

Copyright © 2017 Wen-Ying Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. C. Palmer and L. A. DeLouise, “Nanoparticle-enabled transdermal drug delivery systems for enhanced dose control and tissue targeting,” Molecules, vol. 21, no. 12, article no. 1719, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. Larrañeta, M. T. C. McCrudden, A. J. Courtenay, and R. F. Donnelly, “Microneedles: a new frontier in nanomedicine delivery,” Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1055–1073, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Chen, Q.-D. Jiang, Y.-P. Chai, H. Zhang, P. Peng, and X.-X. Yang, “Natural terpenes as penetration enhancers for transdermal drug delivery,” Molecules, vol. 21, no. 12, article no. 1709, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. D. Kurmi, P. Tekchandani, R. Paliwal, and S. R. Paliwal, “Transdermal drug delivery: opportunities and challenges for controlled delivery of therapeutic agents using nanocarriers,” Current Drug Metabolism, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 481–495, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. Monti, E. Egiziano, S. Burgalassi et al., “Ionic liquids as potential enhancers for transdermal drug delivery,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol. 516, no. 1-2, pp. 45–51, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. J. Franz, “Percutaneous absorption. On the relevance of in vitro data,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 190–195, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Crosera, M. Bovenzi, G. Maina et al., “Nanoparticle dermal absorption and toxicity: a review of the literature,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 82, no. 9, pp. 1043–1055, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S.-F. Ng, J. J. Rouse, F. D. Sanderson, V. Meidan, and G. M. Eccleston, “Validation of a static franz diffusion cell system for in vitro permeation studies,” AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1432–1441, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Levintova, F. M. Plakogiannis, and R. A. Bellantone, “An improved in vitro method for measuring skin permeability that controls excess hydration of skin using modified Franz diffusion cells,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol. 419, no. 1-2, pp. 96–106, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Bartosova and J. Bajgar, “Transdermal drug delivery in vitro using diffusion cells,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 27, pp. 4671–4677, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. J. Addicks, G. L. Flynn, and N. Weiner, “Validation of a flow-through diffusion cell for use in transdermal research,” Pharmaceutical Research: An Official Journal of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 337–341, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Klimundová, D. Šatinský, H. Sklenářová, and P. Solich, “Automation of simultaneous release tests of two substances by sequential injection chromatography coupled with Franz cell,” Talanta, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 730–735, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Piraino, Š. Selimović, M. Adamo et al., “Polyester -assay chip for stem cell studies,” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 6, no. 4, Article ID 044109, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H.-H. Hou, Y.-N. Wang, C.-L. Chang, R.-J. Yang, and L.-M. Fu, “Rapid glucose concentration detection utilizing disposable integrated microfluidic chip,” Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 479–487, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Biffi, F. Piraino, A. Pedrocchi et al., “A microfluidic platform for controlled biochemical stimulation of twin neuronal networks,” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 6, no. 2, Article ID 024106, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Foerster, K. F. Lam, E. Sorensen, and A. Gavriilidis, “In situ monitoring of microfluidic distillation,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 227, pp. 13–21, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. L. Yeung, X. Zhang, W. N. Lau, and R. Martin-Aranda, “Experiments and modeling of membrane microreactors,” Catalysis Today, vol. 110, no. 1-2, pp. 26–37, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L.-M. Fu and Y.-N. Wang, “Optical microflow cytometer based on external total reflection,” Electrophoresis, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 3229–3235, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y.-N. Wang, R.-J. Yang, W.-J. Ju, M.-C. Wu, and L.-M. Fu, “Convenient quantification of methanol concentration detection utilizing an integrated microfluidic chip,” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 6, no. 3, Article ID 034111, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. S. Zhang, Y. C. Lu, Q. R. Jin, K. Wang, and G. S. Luo, “Determination of kinetic parameters of dehydrochlorination of dichloropropanol in a microreactor,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 203, pp. 142–147, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. V. Ravi Kumar, B. L. V. Prasad, and A. A. Kulkarni, “Segmented flow synthesis of Ag nanoparticles in spiral microreactor: Role of continuous and dispersed phase,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 192, pp. 357–368, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C.-H. Tsai, H.-H. Hou, and L.-M. Fu, “An optimal three-dimensional focusing technique for micro-flow cytometers,” Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 827–836, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Ejlebjerg Jensen, P. Szabo, F. Okkels, and M. A. Alves, “Experimental characterisation of a novel viscoelastic rectifier design,” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 6, no. 4, Article ID 044112, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Suscillon, O. D. Velev, and V. I. Slaveykova, “Alternating current-dielectrophoresis driven on-chip collection and chaining of green microalgae in freshwaters,” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 7, no. 2, Article ID 024109, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. Zeng, M. Shin, and T. Wang, “Programmable active droplet generation enabled by integrated pneumatic micropumps,” Lab on a Chip , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 267–273, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. O. Yesil-Celiktas, S. Cumana, and I. Smirnova, “Silica-based monoliths for enzyme catalyzed reactions in microfluidic systems with an emphasis on glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and cellulase,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 234, pp. 166–172, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L.-M. Fu, Y.-N. Wang, and C.-C. Liu, “An integrated microfluidic chip for formaldehyde analysis in Chinese herbs,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 244, pp. 422–428, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. T. Chiu, A. J. deMello, D. Di Carlo et al., “Small but perfectly formed? successes, challenges, and opportunities for microfluidics in the chemical and biological sciences,” Chem, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 201–223, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. Mark, S. Haeberle, G. Roth, F. Von Stetten, and R. Zengerle, “Microfluidic lab-on-a-chip platforms: Requirements, characteristics and applications,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 1153–1182, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S.-W. Hu, B.-Y. Xu, S. Qiao et al., “A microfluidic cigarette smoke collecting platform for simultaneous sample extraction and multiplex analysis,” Talanta, vol. 150, pp. 455–462, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. M. Bradford, “A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 248–254, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. J. Sedmak and S. E. Grossberg, “A rapid, sensitive, and versatile assay for protein using coomassie brilliant blue G250,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 79, no. 1-2, pp. 544–552, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Luo, N. B. Wehr, and R. L. Levine, “Quantitation of protein on gels and blots by infrared fluorescence of Coomassie blue and Fast Green,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 350, no. 2, pp. 233–238, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. Nalewajko, R. Bort Ramírez, and A. Kojlo, “Determination of dopamine by flow-injection analysis coupled with luminol-hexacyanoferrate(III) chemiluminescence detection,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 219–223, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus