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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2019, Article ID 7129014, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7129014
Research Article

Adsorptive Applications of Montmorillonite Clay for the Removal of Ag(I) and Cu(II) from Aqueous Medium

1Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, P. O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia
3King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy, P. O. Box 2022, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Manawwer Alam; as.ude.usk@malaam

Received 13 February 2019; Accepted 17 May 2019; Published 23 June 2019

Academic Editor: Yuangen Yang

Copyright © 2019 Naser M. Alandis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present work aims to investigate the ability of Saudi clay containing montmorillonite to remove Ag(I) and Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions for waste water purification. The effect of pH, adsorbent mass, metal concentration, and contact time on the removal process has been investigated. The batch method was applied, using solution metal concentrations ranging from 40 to 2000 mg/L. Adsorption percentage and distribution coefficients (Kd) were determined as a function of metal concentration. pH 6 was found to be optimal for the adsorption. Adsorption reached equilibrium in 5 min for both Ag(I) and Cu(II) ions. The study on adsorption’s kinetic characteristics showed the adsorption process of these metal ions was of pseudo-second-order. Furthermore, the adsorption rate of Ag(I) was higher than that of Cu(II), and their adsorption appeared to follow the Langmuir isotherm. From the equilibrium studies, it was observed that the selectivity of Ag(I) was higher than that of Cu(II). The results showed that Saudi clay has the potential to be a suitable adsorbent for Ag(I) and Cu(II) removal from aqueous solutions compared with other adsorbents.