Table of Contents
Journal of Climatology
Volume 2013, Article ID 410898, 7 pages
Research Article

Periods of Excess Energy in Extreme Weather Events

1Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University at Albany, 1 University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA
2Department of Mathematics, Northern Virginia Community College, Annandale Campus, 8333 Little River Turnpike, Annandale, VA 22003, USA

Received 30 April 2013; Accepted 3 November 2013

Academic Editors: I. Alvarez, P. Canziani, L. Makra, and E. Paoletti

Copyright © 2013 Igor G. Zurbenko and Amy L. Potrzeba-Macrina. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The reconstruction of periodic signals that are embedded in noise is a very important task in many applications. This already difficult task is even more complex when some observations are missed or some are presented irregularly in time. Kolmogorov-Zurbenko (KZ) filtration, a well-developed method, offers a solution to this problem. One section of this paper provides examples of very precise reconstructions of multiple periodic signals covered with high level noise, noise levels that make those signals invisible within the original data. The ability to reconstruct signals from noisy data is applied to the numerical reconstruction of tidal waves in atmospheric pressure. The existence of such waves was proved by well-known naturalist Chapman, but due to the high synoptic fluctuation in atmospheric pressure he was unable to numerically reproduce the waves. Reconstruction of the atmospheric tidal waves reveals a potential intensification on wind speed during hurricanes, which could increase the danger imposed by hurricanes. Due to the periodic structure of the atmospheric tidal wave, it is predictable in time and space, which is important information for the prediction of excess force in developing hurricanes.