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Journal of Computer Networks and Communications
Volume 2012, Article ID 409817, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/409817
Research Article

Infrastructure Sharing as an Opportunity to Promote Competition in Local Access Networks

1School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança (IPB), 5301-857 Bragança, Portugal
2Institute for Systems and Robotics, Technical University of Lisbon (IST), 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal

Received 8 October 2011; Revised 8 January 2012; Accepted 21 February 2012

Academic Editor: John Doucette

Copyright © 2012 João Paulo Pereira and Pedro Ferreira. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Telecom infrastructures are facing unprecedented challenges, with increasing demands on network capacity. Today, network operators must determine how to expand the existing access network infrastructure into networks capable of satisfying the user’s requirements. Thus, in this context, providers need to identify the technological solutions that enable them to profitably serve customers and support future needs. However, the identification of the “best” solution is a difficult task. Although the cost of bandwidth in the active layer has reduced significantly (and continually) in recent years, the cost of the civil works—such as digging and trenching—represents a major barrier for operators to deploy NGA infrastructure. Duct is a critical part of the next-generation access networks, and its sharing would reduce or eliminate this capital cost and this barrier to entry. The aim of this paper is to provide a better understanding of the economics of broadband access networks technologies (wireline and wireless), their role in the deployment of several services in different regions, and the development of competition in the access networks.