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Journal of Computer Networks and Communications
Volume 2012, Article ID 815374, 12 pages
Research Article

Dynamic Resource Management in 802.11 Wireless Mesh Networks

Automatic Control Lab, School of Electrical Engineering, KTH Royal Institue of Technology, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 19 April 2012; Accepted 26 June 2012

Academic Editor: Liansheng Tan

Copyright © 2012 George Athanasiou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The association/handoff procedures are important components in a balanced operation of 802.11-based wireless mesh networks. In this paper, we introduce the concept of cooperative association where the stations (STA) can share useful information in order to improve the performance of the association/reassociation procedures. Furthermore, in this work we introduce a load balancing mechanism that can be applied in mesh networks. This mechanism operates in a cross-layer manner taking into account uplink and downlink channel information, routing information, and congestion-based information. Our load balancing mechanism is based on a fairness index that is measured at each access point (AP) neighborhood. This index reflects the way the communication load is shared in the neighboring APs. The iterative heuristic algorithms that we propose controls the communication load of each mesh AP in a distributed manner. We evaluate the performance of our mechanisms through OPNET simulations.