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Journal of Computer Networks and Communications
Volume 2014, Article ID 450194, 13 pages
Research Article

QoS-Based Web Service Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using Swarm Strategies

Department of Computer Science, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy

Received 29 May 2014; Accepted 12 October 2014; Published 10 November 2014

Academic Editor: Rui Zhang

Copyright © 2014 Filomena de Santis and Delfina Malandrino. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mobile ad hoc networks are noncentralised, multihop, wireless networks that lack a common infrastructure and hence require self-organisation. Their infrastructureless and dynamic nature entails the implementation of a new set of networking technologies in order to provide efficient end-to-end communication according to the principles of the standard TCP/IP suite. Routing, IP address autoconfiguration and Web service discovery are among the most challenging tasks in the ad hoc network domain. Swarm intelligence is a relatively new approach to problem solving that takes inspiration from the social behaviours of insects, such as ants and bees. Self-organization, decentralization, adaptivity, robustness, and scalability make swarm intelligence a successful design paradigm for the above-mentioned problems. In this paper we propose BeeAdHocServiceDiscovery, a new service discovery algorithm based on the bee metaphor, which also takes into account quality metrics estimates. The protocol has been specifically designed to work in mobile ad hoc network scenarios operating with Beeadhoc, a well-known routing algorithm inspired by nature. We present both the protocol strategy and the formal evaluation of the discovery overhead and route optimality metrics showing that BeeAdHocServiceDiscovery guarantees valuable performances even in large scale ad hoc wireless networks. Eventually, future research suggestions are sketched.