Table 9: Optimization parameters and conditions. | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

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where is the acceleration time (0~18km/h); is the acceleration time (0~50km/h); is the absolute value of speed tracking error; is the maximum gradeability (15km/h); e_h, e_l are the correction coefficients of ICE working upper limit and lower limit, respectively; disc is the discharge coefficient of the supercapacitor; cs_c is the joint speed of mode clutch at CS stage. |