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International Journal of Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 55-62

Streptozocin Diabetes Elevates all Isoforms of TGF-β in the Rat Kidney

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 982169 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-2169, USA

Received 19 January 2001; Accepted 31 January 2001

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is a major promoter of diabetic nephropathy. While TGF-β1 is the most abundaft renal isoform, types 2 and 3 are present as well and have identical in vitro effects. Whole kidney extracts were studied 2 weeks after induction of streptozocin diabetes and in control rats. Mean glomerular area was 25% greater in the diabetic animals. TGF-β1 showed a 2-fold increase in message with a 3-fold increase in protein. TGF-β2 mRNA increased approximately 6% while its protein doubled. TGF-β-message increased by 25%, producing a 35% increase in its protein. TGF-β- inducible gene H3 mRNA was increased 35% in the diabetic animals, consistent with increased activity of this growth factor. All isoforms of TGF-β are increased in the diabetic rat kidney. Future studies need to address the specific role that each isoform plays in diabetic nephropathy as well as the impact of therapies on each isoform.