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Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 136501, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/136501
Research Article

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in an Adult Urban Population of the West of Iran

1Clinical Endocrinology, Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2Statistical Sciences, Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3Non Communicable Diseases Prevention Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
4Department of Health and Prevention, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Received 2 November 2008; Revised 21 April 2009; Accepted 15 September 2009

Academic Editor: Andreas Pfützner

Copyright © 2009 F. Sharifi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. We determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in an urban population of Zanjan, a province located to the west of Tehran. Methods. Randomly selected adults 20 years were studied using stratified sampling. Target study sample was 2941 (1396 males and 1545 females). Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using Adult Treatment Panel-III (ATP-III) guidelines when any three of the following were present: central obesity, raised triglycerides 150 mg/dl, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, blood pressure  mm Hg, and diabetes or fasting plasma glucose (FPG)  mg/dl. Results. Metabolic syndrome was present in 697 (23.7%) subjects (CI 95%:22%–25%, P = .001), prevalence was 23.1% in men and 24.4% in women ( : .4). The prevalence increased from 7.5% in the population younger than 30 y to 45.6% in ages more than 50 years. Low HDL was the most common metabolic abnormality in both sexes. Most of those with metabolic syndrome had three components of the syndrome (75.6%), 170 subjects (24.4%) had four and none had five components simultaneously. The prevalence of obesity ( ), hypercholesterolemia ( 200 mg/dl) and high LDL cholesterol ( 130 mg/dl) was greater in the metabolic syndrome group than normal subjects (P = .00). Conclusions. There is a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in this urban population of the northern west of Iran. Focus of cardiovascular prevention should be undertaken in this area.