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Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 429593, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/429593
Clinical Study

A Variation in the Cerebroside Sulfotransferase Gene Is Linked to Exercise-Modified Insulin Resistance and to Type 2 Diabetes

1Bartholin Institute, Rigshospitalet, Ole Maaløvsvej 5, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark
2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Mölndal, 413 45 Gothenburg, Sweden
3Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, 214 01 Malmo, Sweden
4Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 9 March 2009; Accepted 18 May 2009

Academic Editor: Anjan Kowluru

Copyright © 2009 A. Roeske-Nielsen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims. The glycosphingolipid -galactosylceramide-3- -sulfate (sulfatide) is present in the secretory granules of the insulin producing -cells and may act as a molecular chaperone of insulin. The final step in sulfatide synthesis is performed by cerebroside sulfotransferase (CST) (EC 2.8.2.11). The aim of this study was to investigate whether two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), rs2267161 located in an exon or rs42929 located in an intron, in the gene encoding CST are linked to type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods. As a population survey, 265 male and female patients suffering from T2D and 291 gender matched controls were examined. Results. A higher proportion of T2D patients were heterozygous at SNP rs2267161 with both T (methionine) and C (valine) alleles present (49.8% versus 41.3%, ). The calculated odd risk for T2D was 1.47 (1.01–2.15, ). Among female controls, the homozygous CC individuals displayed lower insulin resistance measured by HOMA-IR ( ) than the C/T or TT persons; this was particularly prevalent in individuals who exercise ( ). Conclusion. Heterozygosity at SNP rs2267161 in the gene encoding the CST enzyme confers increased risk of T2D. Females with the CC allele showed lower insulin resistance.