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Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 960318, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/960318
Research Article

Common Variants of Homocysteine Metabolism Pathway Genes and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Related Traits in Indians

1Genomics and Molecular Medicine Unit, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi 110 007, India
2Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700 108, India
3Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India

Received 27 May 2011; Revised 26 July 2011; Accepted 1 August 2011

Academic Editor: Jun Ren

Copyright © 2012 Ganesh Chauhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia, a risk factor for cardiovascular disorder, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, is prevalent among Indians who are at high risk of these metabolic disorders. We evaluated association of common variants of genes involved in homocysteine metabolism or its levels with type 2 diabetes, obesity, and related traits in North Indians. We genotyped 90 variants in initial phase (2.115 subjects) and replicated top signals in an independent sample set (2.085 subjects). The variant MTHFR-rs1801133 was the top signal for association with type 2 diabetes (OR=0.78 (95%  CI=0.67–0.92), P=0.003) and was also associated with 2 h postload plasma glucose (P=0.04), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P=0.004), and total cholesterol (P=0.01) in control subjects. These associations were neither replicated nor significant after meta-analysis. Studies involving a larger study population and different ethnic groups are required before ruling out the role of these important candidate genes in type 2 diabetes, obesity, and related traits.