Journal of Diabetes Research / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Germinated Brown Rice Involves the Upregulation of the Apolipoprotein A1 and Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Genes

Table 3

Baseline parameters for the rat groups after the induction of diabetes and the level of food consumption of each group.

Rat groupsGlucose (mmol/L)*Total cholesterol
(mmol/L)*
HDL cholesterol
(mmol/L)*
Triglycerides (mmol/L)*LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)*Calories
(Kcal/100 g pellet)
Food consumption
(kcal/100 g body weight/day)*

Normal nondiabetic4.6 ± 0.5a1.88 ± 0.1a0.48 ± 0.09a0.60 ± 0.07a0.30 ± 0.03a33530.5 ± 3.7a
Control14.9 ± 2.2b2.50 ± 0.06b0.47 ± 0.07a1.00 ± 0.31b0.38 ± 0.05a54834.0 ± 6.0a
WR19.1 ± 2b2.50 ± 0.06b0.48 ± 0.04a1.09 ± 0.28b0.39 ± 0.11a55433.2 ± 8.3a
BR18.4 ± 2.8b2.34 ± 0.30b0.31 ± 0.11a1.02 ± 0.11b0.32 ± 0.11a55430.5 ± 6.7a
G5017.3 ± 2.5b2.21 ± 0.07b0.45 ± 0.09a1.32 ± 0.35b0.46 ± 0.04b55433.2 ± 8.3a
G10017.3 ± 1.8b2.32 ± 0.22b0.44 ± 0.05a1.23 ± 0.16b0.44 ± 0.05b56035.3 ± 7.3a

*Values represent the mean ± SD. Values with the same letter in any given column are not significantly different (P > 0.05). ASG: acylated steryl glycoside; GBR: germinated brown rice; WR: white rice.