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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2013, Article ID 298019, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/298019
Research Article

Evaluation of the Association of Plasma Pentraxin 3 Levels with Type 2 Diabetes and Diabetic Nephropathy in a Malay Population

1Rolf Luft Research Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden
2Cardiovascular, Diabetes and Nutrition Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden
4Division of Renal Medicine, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, SE-14157 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 15 August 2013; Revised 25 September 2013; Accepted 27 September 2013

Academic Editor: Keizo Kanasaki

Copyright © 2013 Norhashimah Abu Seman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Recent reports have demonstrated that elevated plasma long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels are associated with cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases. In the current study, we investigated the plasma PTX3 levels in 296 Malay subjects including the subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients with or without DN by using an enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay. Results showed that in males, plasma PTX3 levels in T2DM patients without DN were lower than that in the subjects with NGT (2.78 versus 3.98 ng/mL; ). Plasma PTX3 levels in T2DM patients with DN were decreased compared to the patients without DN (1.63 versus 2.78 ng/mL; ). In females, however, no significant alteration of plasma PTX3 levels among NGT subjects and T2DM patients with and without DN was detected. Furthermore, an inverse correlation between PTX3 and body mass index was found in male subjects with NGT ( ; ), but not in male T2DM patients, neither in all females. The current study provided the first evidence that decreased plasma PTX3 levels are associated with T2DM and DN in Malay men and also suggested that PTX3 may have different effects in DN and chronic kidney diseases.