Table 2: The number of identified genes with different expression levels when the various test groups were subjected to pair group comparisons.

ComparisonTotal no. of sign. differentially activated genesNo. of sign.
upregulated genes
No. of sign.
downregulated genes

DRL versus D22221513709
DV versus D1318896422
DRL versus DV1347955392

D: T1D patients; DRL: first-degree relatives of T1D patients; DV: controls (healthy volunteers).