Cumulative Effects of Hypertension, Dyslipidemia, and Chronic Kidney Disease on Carotid Atherosclerosis in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Measurements of the intima-media thickness and stiffness in the common carotid artery. (a) Longitudinal grey scale sonogram showing the measurement of the intima-media thickness of a common carotid artery (CCA) using radiofrequency-based quality intima-media thickness. (b) Longitudinal grey scale sonogram showing the measurement of the arterial stiffness of the same CCA using radiofrequency-based quality arterial stiffness. The arrows indicate the inferior end of the carotid bulb and the double-arrows lines show a distance of 1 cm.