Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 4529824, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4529824
Research Article

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Using Telemedicine Tools: Pilot Study in Hungary

1Department of Public Health, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
2Department of Ophthalmology, Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Center, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
3Health Intelligence, Clinical Development, Chesire, UK
4Centre of Eye Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
5Health Services Research Centre, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway
6Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Campus Ahus, Oslo, Norway

Received 9 September 2016; Revised 27 October 2016; Accepted 3 November 2016

Academic Editor: Daniel Petrovič

Copyright © 2016 Dóra J. Eszes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. WHO, Global health observatory data 2011, http://www.who.int/gho/en/.
  2. G. Danaei, M. M. Finucane, Y. Lu et al., “National, regional, and global trends in fasting plasma glucose and diabetes prevalence since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 370 country-years and 2·7 million participants,” The Lancet, vol. 378, no. 9785, pp. 31–40, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. B. Saaddine, A. A. Honeycutt, K. M. V. Narayan, X. Zhang, R. Klein, and J. P. Boyle, “Projection of diabetic retinopathy and other major eye diseases among people with diabetes mellitus: United States, 2005–2050,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 126, no. 12, pp. 1740–1747, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. World Health Organization, “Global report on diabetes,” http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/204871/1/9789241565257_eng.pdf?ua=1.
  5. H. S. Yearbook, http://www.ksh.hu/docs/hun/xftp/idoszaki/evkonyv/evkonyv_2011.pdf.
  6. J. Németh, A. Frigyik, and O. Vastag, “Causes of blindness in Hungary 1996–2000,” Ophthalmologia Hungarica, vol. 142, pp. 127–133, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  7. WHO, “Prevention of blindness and visual impairment,” http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/en/.
  8. M. Langelaan, M. R. De Boer, R. M. A. Van Nispen, B. Wouters, A. C. Moll, and G. H. M. B. Van Rens, “Impact of visual impairment on quality of life: a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions,” Ophthalmic Epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 119–126, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Jones and R. T. Edwards, “Diabetic retinopathy screening: a systematic review of the economic evidence,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 249–256, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. W. Y. Yau, S. L. Rogers, R. Kawasaki et al., “Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathy,” Diabetes Care, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 556–564, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Vokó, L. Nagyjánosi, and Z. Kaló, “Direct health care costs of diabetes mellitus in Hungary,” LAM, vol. 19, pp. 775–780, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  12. ETDRS, “Early photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy. ETDRS report number 9. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group,” Ophthalmology, vol. 98, supplement 5, pp. 766–785, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  13. U. Government, “Diabetic eye screening: retinal image grading criteria,” 2012, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/diabetic-eye-screening-retinal-image-grading-criteria.
  14. U. Government, “Diabetic eye screening: surveillance pathways,” https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/diabetic-eye-screening-surveillance-pathways.
  15. S. H. Lund, T. Aspelund, P. Kirby et al., “Individualised risk assessment for diabetic retinopathy and optimisation of screening intervals: a scientific approach to reducing healthcare costs,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 100, pp. 683–687, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Stefánsson, T. Bek, M. Porta, N. Larsen, J. K. Kristinsson, and E. Agardh, “Screening and prevention of diabetic blindness,” Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 374–385, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Somfai, M. Ferencz, O. Fiedler, T. Varga, A. Somogyi, and J. Németh, “Diabetic retinopathy at the beginning of the 21th century: prevention, diagnostics and therapy,” Magyar Belorvosi Archivum, vol. 60, pp. 123–127, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  18. Government U, Diabetic eye screening: Pathways for images and where images cannot be taken, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/diabetic-eye-screening-pathway-for-images-and-where-images-cannot-be-taken.
  19. U. Government, “Diabetic eye screening: assuring the quality of grading,” https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/diabetic-eye-screening-assuring-the-quality-of-grading.
  20. “European Health Interview Survey 2009,” 2009, http://www.ksh.gov.hu/elef/archiv/2009/pdf/elef_kerdoiv_alap.pdf.
  21. S. Zackrisson, I. Andersson, J. Manjer, and L. Janzon, “Non-attendance in breast cancer screening is associated with unfavourable socio-economic circumstances and advanced carcinoma,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 754–760, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. O. Fiedler, Z. Hargitai, Z. Bíró et al., “Telemedical diabetic retinopathy screening. Hungarian pilot study,” Magyar Belorvosi Archivum, vol. 63, pp. 81–86, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  23. Federation ID, Diabetes Atlas Sixth Edition Update, 2014, http://www.idf.org/worlddiabetesday/toolkit/gp/facts-figures.
  24. I. E. Zimmer-Galler, A. E. Kimura, and S. Gupta, “Diabetic retinopathy screening and the use of telemedicine,” Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 167–172, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. L. Tu, P. Palimar, S. Sen, P. Mathew, and A. Khaleeli, “Comparison of optometry vs digital photography screening for diabetic retinopathy in a single district,” Eye, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. P. Harding, D. M. Broadbent, C. Neoh, M. C. White, and J. Vora, “Sensitivity and specificity of photography and direct ophthalmoscopy in screening for sight threatening eye disease: the Liverpool Diabetic Eye Study,” British Medical Journal, vol. 311, no. 7013, pp. 1131–1135, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Union, “Article 8,” http://ec.europa.eu/health/data_collection/data_protection/in_eu/index_en.htm.
  28. Organization WH, “Prevention of blindness from diabetes mellitus,” 2005, http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/PreventionofBlindnessfromDiabetesMellituswithcoversmall.pdf?ua=1.
  29. G. Liew, M. Michaelides, and C. Bunce, “A comparison of the causes of blindness certifications in England and Wales in working age adults (16–64 years), 1999-2000 with 2009-2010,” BMJ Open, vol. 4, no. 2, Article ID e004015, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus