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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 5439521, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5439521
Research Article

Epidemiology of Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Amputations in Romania: Results of a Cross-Sectional Quality of Life Questionnaire Based Survey

1Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 6 Pasteur Street, 400349 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Department of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 4-6 Clinicilor Street, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3IMOGEN Research Center, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 8 Victor Babeș Street, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4Eastern Virginia Medical School, Strelitz Diabetes Center, 855 West Brambleton Avenue, Norfolk, VA 23510, USA
5Research & Neuroendocrine Unit, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 855 West Brambleton Avenue, Norfolk, VA 23510, USA
6Society of Diabetic Neuropathy, Wörwag Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Romanian Representative Office, 11 Fagului Street, 400483 Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Received 27 November 2015; Revised 24 January 2016; Accepted 27 January 2016

Academic Editor: Didac Mauricio

Copyright © 2016 Cosmina I. Bondor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This is a post hoc analysis of quality of life in diabetic neuropathy patients in a cross-sectional survey performed in 2012 in Romania, using the Norfolk QOL-DN in which 21,756 patients with self-reported diabetes were enrolled. This current analysis aims to expand research on the diabetic foot and to provide an update on the number of foot ulcers found in Romania. Of the 21,174 patients included in this analysis, 14.85% reported a history of foot ulcers and 3.60% reported an amputation. The percentage of neuropathy patients with foot ulcers increased with age; the lowest percentage was observed in the 20–29-year age group (6.62%) and the highest in the 80–89-year age group (17.68%). The highest number of amputations was reported in the 70–79-year age group (largest group). Compared to patients without foot ulcers, those with foot ulcers had significantly higher scores for total DN and all its subdomains translating to worse QOL (). This analysis showed a high rate of foot ulcers and amputations in Romanian diabetic patients. It underscores the need for implementation of effective screening and educational programs.