Journal of Diabetes Research / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Neck Circumference May Be a Better Alternative to Standard Anthropometric Measures

Table 1

Baseline characteristics according to neck circumference categories.

Neck circumference
NormalHigh value

Age (years)
Male gender (%)27.327.31.00
Current smoker (%) 22.0
Physical activity (%)
Body mass index (kg/m2)29.235.3<0.001
Neck circumference (cm)34.738.8<0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 98.4111.3<0.001
Body fat percent37.742.5<0.001
HOMA-IR index1.62.7<0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)
1 hr OGTT (mg/dL)146.0160.0<0.001
2 hr OGTT (mg/dL)109.0115.0<0.001
HbA1c 5.65.8<0.001
Prediabetes (%)50.864.1<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)123.3128.7<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)78.782.0<0.001
Hypertension (%)49.962.6<0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)49.044.0<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)120.0136.0<0.001
hs-CRP (mg/L)2.85.5<0.001
Metabolic syndrome (%) 38.660.0<0.001

values comparing high and low neck circumference groups by Student’s -test, Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test, or chi square test. Medians were computed where the distributions were not normal.
Sample sizes varied across measures where there were missing values.

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