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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 7347065, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7347065
Research Article

Implication of Cytotoxic Helicobacter pylori Infection in Autoimmune Diabetes

1Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
2Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Viale San Pietro 8, 07100 Sassari, Italy
3Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Received 11 September 2015; Accepted 23 November 2015

Academic Editor: Carlos Martinez Salgado

Copyright © 2016 Alessandro P. Delitala et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been linked to Helicobacter pylori infection, although results are conflicting. No previous study addressed a possible link between H. pylori infection and latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). In this study, a correlation among H. pylori infection and the risk of autoimmune diabetes in comparison with T2D was investigated. Methods. Sera from 234 LADA patients, 105 patients with late-onset T1D, and 156 patients with T2D were analyzed for anti-H. pylori and the cytotoxin-associated antigen (CagA) IgG antibodies. Results. H. pylori seroprevalence was comparable in LADA (52%), late-onset T1D (45%), and T2D (49%) with no gender differences. The seroprevalence of CagA IgG was significantly higher in autoimmune diabetes (late-onset T1D: 45%, LADA: 40%) compared to T2D (25%; ). Conclusions. Although H. pylori seroprevalence was similar in LADA, T1D, and T2D, anti-CagA positivity was significantly increased among patients with autoimmune diabetes, suggesting that more virulent H. pylori strains might be a trigger for immune mechanisms involved in their pathogenesis.