Journal of Diabetes Research / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Predictors of Diabetes Self-Management among Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics and health profile of the respondents ().

Demographic characteristics/health profiles Respondents
FrequencyPercentageMean ± SD

Age
Gender
 Male12631.4
 Female27468.6
Race
 Malay13132.7
 Iban & Bidayuh19548.8
 Chinese & others7418.5
Marital status
 Having spouse33884.5
 Without spouse6215.5
Education level
 No education15438.4
 Primary education17142.9
 Secondary education and higher7518.7

Duration of having diabetes mellitus
 5 years and below20250.6
 More than 5 years19849.4
With chronic illness
 None4912.2
 1-2 33984.8
 3 and above123.0
Diabetes-related complications
 None33383.3
 1-26716.7
Latest HbA1c ()
 Less than 6.5%8159.1
 6.5% and above5540.9
Current fasting blood sugar
 Less than 4.4 mmol/L92.2
 4.4–6.1 mmol/L8721.7
 More than 6.1 mmol/L30476.1
Treatment
 Without insulin31779.1
 With insulin 8320.9

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