Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 2751980, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2751980
Research Article

Effectiveness of a Group-Based Culturally Tailored Lifestyle Intervention Program on Changes in Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes among Asian Indians in the United States

1School of Physical Therapy, Texas Woman’s University, 6700 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Room No. 3313A, Robert C Byrd Health Science Center, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-9190, USA
3Department of Public Health, Food Studies and Nutrition, The David B. Falk College of Sport and Human Dynamics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA
4Department of Medicine, Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Rupal M. Patel; ude.uwt@letapr

Received 13 June 2016; Revised 15 November 2016; Accepted 22 November 2016; Published 11 January 2017

Academic Editor: Konstantinos Kantartzis

Copyright © 2017 Rupal M. Patel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition, 2012, http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/5e/Update2012.
  2. G. Yang, L. Kong, W. Zhao et al., “Emergence of chronic non-communicable diseases in China,” The Lancet, vol. 372, no. 9650, pp. 1697–1705, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. B. Hu, “Globalization of diabetes: the role of diet, lifestyle, and genes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1249–1257, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. M. Anjana, R. Pradeepa, M. Deepa et al., “Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance) in urban and rural India: phase i results of the Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study,” Diabetologia, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 3022–3027, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Ramachandran and C. Snehalatha, “Current scenario of diabetes in India,” Journal of diabetes, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 18–28, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. E. Shaw, R. A. Sicree, and P. Z. Zimmet, “Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 4–14, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. National Diabetes Fact Sheet: National Estimates and General Information on Diabetes and Prediabetes in the United States, 2011, 2011, https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf.
  8. E. M. Hoeffel, S. Rasgoti, M. O. Kim, and H. Shahid, “Asian Population 2010: 2010 Census Briefs,” Report C2010BR-11, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Ye, G. Rust, P. Baltrus, and E. Daniels, “Cardiovascular risk factors among Asian Americans: results from a national health survey,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 718–723, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Misra, T. Patel, P. Kotha et al., “Prevalence of diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk factors in US Asian Indians: results from a national study,” Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 145–153, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. M. Kanaya, C. L. Wassel, D. Mathur et al., “Prevalence and correlates of diabetes in South Asian Indians in the United States: findings from the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study and the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 157–164, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. S. Yajnik, “Early life origins of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in India and other Asian countries,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 205–210, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. Jayawardena, P. Ranasinghe, N. M. Byrne, M. J. Soares, P. Katulanda, and A. P. Hills, “Prevalence and trends of the diabetes epidemic in South Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Public Health, vol. 12, no. 1, article 380, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Snehalatha, A. Ramachandran, V. Vijay, and M. Viswanathan, “Differences in plasma insulin responses in urban and rural indians: a study in Southern-Indians,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 445–448, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Abate and M. Chandalia, “Ethnicity and type 2 diabetes: focus on Asian Indians,” Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 320–327, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Raji, E. W. Seely, R. A. Arky, and D. C. Simonson, “Body fat distribution and insulin resistance in healthy Asian Indians and Caucasians,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 86, no. 11, pp. 5366–5371, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Nakagami, K. Borch-Johnsen, B. Carstensen et al., “Age, body mass index and Type 2 diabetes—associations modified by ethnicity,” Diabetologia, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1063–1070, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. V. Dudeja, A. Misra, R. M. Pandey, G. Devina, G. Kumar, and N. K. Vikram, “BMI does not accurately predict overweight in Asian Indians in northern India,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 105–112, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Raj, P. Ganganna, and J. Bowering, “Dietary habits of Asian Indians in relation to length of residence in the United States,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 99, no. 9, pp. 1106–1108, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Vasudevan, A. L. Stotts, S. Mandayam, and L. A. Omegie, “Comparison of BMI and anthropometric measures among South Asian Indians using standard and modified criteria,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 809–816, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. A. Mohanty, S. Woolhandler, D. U. Himmelstein, and D. H. Bor, “Diabetes and cardiovascular disease among Asian Indians in the United States,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 474–478, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. D. Garduño-Diaz and S. Khokhar, “Prevalence, risk factors and complications associated with type 2 diabetes in migrant South Asians,” Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 6–24, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Wandel, M. Råberg, B. Kumar, and G. Holmboe-Ottesen, “Changes in food habits after migration among South Asians settled in Oslo: the effect of demographic, socio-economic and integration factors,” Appetite, vol. 50, no. 2-3, pp. 376–385, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. D. Kulkarni, “Food, culture, and diabetes in the United States,” Clinical Diabetes, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 190–192, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Patel, E. Phillips-Caesar, and C. Boutin-Foster, “Barriers to lifestyle behavioral change in migrant South Asian populations,” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 774–785, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. C. Knowler, E. Barrett-Connor, S. E. Fowler et al., “Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 6, pp. 393–403, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Tuomilehto, J. Lindström, J. G. Eriksson et al., “Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 344, no. 18, pp. 1343–1350, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. X.-R. Pan, G.-W. Li, Y.-H. Hu et al., “Effects of diet and exercise in preventing NIDDM in people with impaired glucose tolerance: The Da Qing IGT and Diabetes Study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 537–544, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Ramachandran, C. Snehalatha, S. Mary, B. Mukesh, A. D. Bhaskar, and V. Vijay, “The Indian Diabetes Prevention Programme shows that lifestyle modification and metformin prevent type 2 diabetes in Asian Indian subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IDPP-1),” Diabetologia, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 289–297, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group, “10-year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study,” The Lancet, vol. 374, no. 9702, pp. 1677–1686, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. J. Norman, J. A. Carlson, J. F. Sallis, N. Wagner, K. J. Calfas, and K. Patrick, “Reliability and validity of brief psychosocial measures related to dietary behaviors,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 7, article no. 56, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. Whittemore, G. Melkus, J. Wagner, J. Dziura, V. Northrup, and M. Grey, “Translating the diabetes prevention program to primary care: a Pilot Study,” Nursing Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 2–12, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. H. A. Amundson, M. K. Butcher, D. Gohdes et al., “Translating the diabetes prevention program into practice in the general community: findings from the Montana cardiovascular disease and diabetes prevention program,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 209–223, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. G. Aldana, M. Barlow, R. Smith et al., “The diabetes prevention program: a worksite experience,” AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses., vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 499–505, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. K. Barham, S. West, P. Trief, C. Morrow, M. Wade, and R. S. Weinstock, “Diabetes prevention and control in the workplace: a pilot project for county employees,” Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 233–241, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. T. Ackermann and D. G. Marrero, “Adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention for delivery in the community: The YMCA model,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 69–78, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. Ruggiero, S. Oros, and Y. K. Choi, “Community-based translation of the diabetes prevention program's lifestyle intervention in an underserved Latino population,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 564–572, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. M. Boltri, Y. M. Davis-Smith, L. E. Zayas et al., “Developing a church-based diabetes prevention program with African Americans: focus group findings,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 901–909, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. S. Islam, J. M. Zanowiak, L. C. Wyatt et al., “Diabetes prevention in the new york city sikh asian Indian community: a pilot study,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 5462–5486, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. R. Kandula, S. Dave, P. J. D. Chavez et al., “Translating a heart disease lifestyle intervention into the community: the South Asian Heart Lifestyle Intervention (SAHELI) study; A randomized control trial,” BMC Public Health, vol. 15, article 1064, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. J. V. Patel, A. Vyas, J. K. Cruickshank et al., “Impact of migration on coronary heart disease risk factors: comparison of Gujaratis in Britain and their contemporaries in villages of origin in India,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 185, no. 2, pp. 297–306, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. Misra, T. G. Patel, D. Davies, and T. Russo, “Health promotion behaviors of Gujurati Asian Indian immigrants in the United States,” Journal of Immigrant Health, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 223–230, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  43. S. S. Jonnalagadda and S. Diwan, “Nutrient intake of first generation Gujarati Asian Indian immigrants in the U.S.,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 372–380, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. V. Mohan, R. Deepa, M. Deepa, S. Somannavar, and M. Datta, “A simplified Indian Diabetes Risk Score for screening for undiagnosed diabetic subjects,” Journal of Association of Physicians of India, vol. 53, pp. 759–763, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. American Diabetes Association, “Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013,” Diabetes Care, vol. 36, Supplement 1, pp. S11–S66, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. Small Steps, Big Rewards. Prevent Type 2 Diabetes. Campaign, 2013, http://ndep.nih.gov/partners-community-organization/campaigns/SmallStepsBigRewards.aspx.
  47. S. N. Walker, K. R. Sechrist, and N. J. Pender, “The health-promoting lifestyle profile: development and psychometric characteristics,” Nursing Research, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 76–81, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. Cohen, Ed., Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 2nd edition, 1988.
  49. F. Faul, E. Erdfelder, A.-G. Lang, and A. Buchner, “GPower 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences,” Behavior Research Methods, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 175–191, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. E. Erdfelder, F. Faul, and A. Buchner, “GPOWER: a general power analysis program,” Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. M. Boltri, Y. M. Davis-Smith, J. P. Seale, S. Shellenberger, I. S. Okosun, and M. E. Cornelius, “Diabetes prevention in a faith-based setting: results of translational research,” Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 29–32, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. Y. M. Davis-Smith, J. M. Boltri, J. P. Seale, S. Shellenberger, T. Blalock, and B. Tobin, “Implementing a diabetes prevention program in a rural African-American church,” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 440–446, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  53. R. W. Sattin, L. B. Williams, J. Dias et al., “Community trial of a faith-based lifestyle intervention to prevent diabetes among African-Americans,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 87–96, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. C. D. Madigan, A. J. Daley, A. L. Lewis, P. Aveyard, and K. Jolly, “Is self-weighing an effective tool for weight loss: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 12, no. 1, article104, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. S. A. Lear, P. T. James, G. T. Ko, and S. Kumanyika, “Appropriateness of waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio cutoffs for different ethnic groups,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 42–61, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. N. Abate, M. Chandalia, P. G. Snell, and S. M. Grundy, “Adipose tissue metabolites and insulin resistance in nondiabetic Asian Indian men,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 2750–2755, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. T. Tillin, A. D. Hughes, J. Mayet et al., “The relationship between metabolic risk factors and incident cardiovascular disease in Europeans, South Asians, and African Caribbeans: SABRE (Southall and Brent Revisited)—a prospective population-based study,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 61, no. 17, pp. 1777–1786, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. M. A. Banerji, N. Faridi, R. Atluri, R. L. Chaiken, and H. E. Lebovitz, “Body composition, visceral fat, leptin, and insulin resistance in Asian Indian men,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 137–144, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. C. Y. Jeon, R. P. Lokken, F. B. Hu, and R. M. Van Dam, “Physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 744–752, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. S. S. Jonnalagadda and S. Diwan, “Health behaviors, chronic disease prevalence and self-rated health of older Asian Indian immigrants in the U.S,” Journal of Immigrant Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 75–83, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. A. D. Shah, E. Vittinghoff, N. R. Kandula, S. Srivastava, and A. M. Kanaya, “Correlates of prediabetes and type II diabetes in US South Asians: findings from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 77–83, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. B. E. Ainsworth, M. T. Richardson, D. R. Jacobs Jr., A. S. Leon, and B. Sternfeld, “Accuracy of recall of occupational physical activity by questionnaire,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 219–227, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. S. S. Jonnalagadda and S. Diwan, “Regional variations in dietary intake and body mass index of first-generation Asian-Indian immigrants in the United States,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1286–1289, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. S. S. Jonnalagadda, S. Diwan, and D. L. Cohen, “U.S. food guide pyramid food group intake by Asian Indian immigrants in the U.S.,” Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 226–231, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. N. R. Ghai, S. J. Jacobsen, S. K. Van Den Eeden et al., “A comparison of lifestyle and behavioral cardiovascular disease risk factors between Asian Indian and White non-Hispanic men,” Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 168–174, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. Z. Aziz, P. Absetz, J. Oldroyd, N. P. Pronk, and B. Oldenburg, “A systematic review of real-world diabetes prevention programs: learnings from the last 15 years,” Implementation Science, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. N. P. Pronk, “Designing and evaluating health promotion programs: simple rules for a complex issue,” Disease Management & Health Outcomes, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 149–157, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus