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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 4736176, 8 pages
Research Article

Perceptions of Dietary Habits and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes among Congolese Immigrants

1Department of Public Health, University of West Florida, 11000 University Parkway, Pensacola, FL 32514, USA
2Department of Psychology, University of Florida, 114 Psychology Building, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611-2250, USA
3Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 110 Huff Hall, 1206 South Fourth St., Champaign, IL 61820, USA
4Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Saint Louis University, Salus Center, 3545 Lafayette Ave., St. Louis, MO 63103, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka; ude.fwu@iteduad

Received 27 June 2017; Accepted 26 September 2017; Published 12 November 2017

Academic Editor: Ulrike Rothe

Copyright © 2017 Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To explore the perceptions of dietary habits and type 2 diabetes risk among Congolese immigrants living in the US. Methods. Data were collected from 20 in-depth interviews and photo-elicitation techniques conducted with Congolese immigrants. The PEN-3 cultural model was used as a guide to analyze the data collected. Results. Participants identified positive, existential, and negative perceptions, enablers, and nurturers associated with dietary habits and type 2 diabetes risk. Participants also acknowledged intrinsic cultural ways of understanding and interpreting the interaction between dietary habits and type 2 diabetes risk among the Congolese people which may influence their health-seeking practices. Conclusions. The findings underscore the importance of culture and how sociocultural factors may play a role with designing culturally appropriate interventions aimed at addressing the risk for type 2 diabetes among Congolese immigrants in the US.