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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5071740, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5071740
Research Article

Comparable Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training and Prolonged Continuous Exercise Training on Abdominal Visceral Fat Reduction in Obese Young Women

1Physical Education College, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China
2Provincial Key Lab of Measurement and Evaluation in Human Movement and Bio-Information, Hebei, China
3Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
4The Third Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang, China
5School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Yuxiu He

Received 29 July 2016; Revised 7 November 2016; Accepted 30 November 2016; Published 1 January 2017

Academic Editor: Raffaele Marfella

Copyright © 2017 Haifeng Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study compared the effect of prolonged moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on reducing abdominal visceral fat in obese young women with that of work-equivalent (300 kJ/training session) high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Forty-three participants received either HIIT (), MICT (), or no training (CON, ) for 12 weeks. The abdominal visceral fat area (AVFA) and abdominal subcutaneous fat area (ASFA) of the participants were measured through computed tomography scans preintervention and postintervention. Total fat mass and the fat mass of the android, gynoid, and trunk regions were assessed through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Following HIIT and MICT, comparable reductions in AVFA (−9.1, −9.2 cm2), ASFA (−35, −28.3 cm2), and combined AVFA and ASFA (−44.7, −37.5 cm2, ) were observed. Similarly, reductions in fat percentage (−2.5%, −2.4%), total fat mass (−2.8, −2.8 kg), and fat mass of the android (−0.3, −0.3 kg), gynoid (−0.5, −0.7 kg), and trunk (−1.6, −1.2 kg, ) regions did not differ between HIIT and MICT. No variable changed in CON. In conclusion, MICT consisting of prolonged sessions has no quantitative advantage, compared with that resulting from HIIT, in abdominal visceral fat reduction. HIIT appears to be the predominant strategy for controlling obesity because of its time efficiency.