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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5307523, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5307523
Research Article

Trajectories of Postload Plasma Glucose in the Development of Type 2 Diabetes in Japanese Adults

1Department of Internal Medicine, Hokuriku Central Hospital, Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan
2Department of Cardiovascular and Internal Medicine, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan
3Department of Biostatistics, Innovative Clinical Research Center (iCREK), Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan
4Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Kanazawa, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Rie Oka; pj.oog@akoirir

Received 14 June 2017; Revised 15 August 2017; Accepted 22 August 2017; Published 14 September 2017

Academic Editor: Ed Randell

Copyright © 2017 Rie Oka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We aimed to clarify how the trajectories of 1-hour postload plasma glucose (PG) and 2-hour PG were different in the development of type 2 diabetes. Using data of repeated health checkups in Japanese workers from April 2006 to March 2016, longitudinal changes of fasting, 1-hour, and 2-hour PG on the oral glucose tolerance test were analyzed with a linear mixed effects model. Of the 1464 nondiabetic subjects at baseline, 112 subjects progressed to type 2 diabetes during the observation period (progressors). In progressors, 1-hour PG and 2-hour PG showed gradual increases with slopes of 1.33 ± 0.2 and 0.58 ± 0.2 mg/dL/year, respectively, followed by a steep increase by which they attained diabetes. Until immediately before the diabetes transition, age- and sex-adjusted mean level of 2-hour PG was 149 ± 2.7 mg/dL, 34 ± 2.7 (30%) higher compared to nonprogressors, while that of 1-hour PG was 206 ± 4.1 mg/dL, 60 ± 4.3 mg/dL (41%) higher compared to nonprogressors. In conclusion, diabetes transition was preceded by a mild elevation of 2-hour PG for several years or more. The elevation in 1-hour PG was larger than that of 2-hour PG until immediately before the transition to diabetes.