Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 7125760, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7125760
Research Article

The Relationship between Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction and Ocular Abnormality in Chinese T2DM

1Department of Endocrinology, The 306th Teaching Hospital of People’s Liberation Army, Peking University, Beijing, China
2Department of Endocrinology, The 306th Hospital of People’s Liberation Army, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yanjun Liu; ten.haey@lnujnay

Received 5 October 2016; Revised 14 February 2017; Accepted 26 March 2017; Published 1 June 2017

Academic Editor: Ruozhi Zhao

Copyright © 2017 Dandan Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Sayin, N. Kara, and G. Pekel, “Ocular complications of diabetes mellitus,” World Journal of Diabetes, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 92–108, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. N. Bilal, M. Erdogan, M. Ozbek et al., “Increasing severity of cardiac autonomic neuropathy is associated with increasing prevalence of nephropathy, retinopathy, and peripheral neuropathy in Turkish type 2 diabetics,” Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 181–185, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. R. Witte, S. Tesfaye, N. Chaturvedi, S. E. Eaton, P. Kempler, and J. H. Fuller, “Risk factors for cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus,” Diabetologia, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 164–171, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. E. Smith, S. A. Smith, and P. M. Brown, “Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in patients with diabetic retinopathy,” Diabetologia, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 525–528, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  5. C. C. Huang, J. J. Lee, T. K. Lin et al., “Diabetic retinopathy is strongly predictive of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2016, Article ID 6090749, p. 7, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Schmid, B. Schaan, F. Cecconello, T. Maestri, and C. Neumann, “Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is related to cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 163–168, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Valensi, J. Pariès, and J. R. Attali, “Cardiac autonomic neuropathy in diabetic patients: influence of diabetes duration, obesity, and microangiopathic complications—the French multicenter study,” Metabolism, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 815–820, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Spallone, D. Ziegler, R. Freeman et al., “Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: clinical impact, assessment, diagnosis, and management,” Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 639–653, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Anan, M. Takayuki, N. Takahashi et al., “Diabetic retinopathy is associated with insulin resistance and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients,” Hypertension Research, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 299–305, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. M. Illigens and C. H. Gibbons, “Sweat testing to evaluate autonomic function,” Clinical Autonomic Research, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 79–87, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. K. Kramer, C. B. Leitão, M. J. Azevedo et al., “Diabetic retinopathy is associated with early autonomic dysfunction assessed by exercise-related heart rate changes,” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1110–1115, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. A. G. Smith, M. Lessard, S. Reyna, M. Doudova, and J. R. Singleton, “The diagnostic utility of Sudoscan for distal symmetric peripheral neuropathy,” Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 511–516, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. M. Casellini, H. K. Parson, M. S. Richardson, M. L. Nevoret, and A. I. Vinik, “Sudoscan, a noninvasive tool for detecting diabetic small fiber neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction,” Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 948–953, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. S. Yajnik, V. Kantikar, A. Pande et al., “Screening of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with diabetes using non-invasive quick and simple assessment of sudomotor function,” Diabetes & Metabolism, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 126–131, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Selvarajah, T. Cash, J. Davies et al., “SUDOSCAN: a simple, rapid, and objective method with potential for screening for diabetic peripheral neuropathy,” PloS One, vol. 10, no. 10, article e0138224, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Zhu, X. Zhao, P. Zeng et al., “Study on autonomic dysfunction and metabolic syndrome in Chinese patients,” Journal of Diabetes Investigation, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 901–907, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Q. Zeng, S. Y. Dong, M. L. Wang, F. Wang, J. M. Li, and X. L. Zhao, “Cardiac autonomic neuropathy risk estimated by sudomotor function and arterial stiffness in Chinese subjects,” Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 720–725, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Tang, X. Wang, J. Wang et al., “Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in a Chinese adult population: the Taizhou Eye Study,” Ophthalmology, vol. 122, no. 7, pp. 1480–1488, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Tesfaye, A. J. Boulton, P. J. Dyck et al., “Diabetic neuropathies: update on definitions, diagnostic criteria, estimation of severity, and treatments,” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 2285–2293, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. L. Feldman, M. J. Stevens, P. K. Thomas, M. B. Brown, N. Canal, and D. A. Greene, “A practical two-step quantitative clinical and electrophysiological assessment for the diagnosis and staging of diabetic neuropathy,” Diabetes Care, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 1281–1289, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. F. Mao, S. Liu, X. Qiao et al., “Sudoscan is an effective screening method for asymptomatic diabetic neuropathy in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients,” Journal of Diabetes Investigation, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 363–368, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Sahuc, L. Chiche, B. Dussol, J. Pouget, and J. Franques, “Sudoscan as a noninvasive tool to assess sudomotor dysfunction in patients with Fabry disease: results from a case-control study,” Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, vol. 12, pp. 135–138, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Saad, D. Psimaras, C. Tafani et al., “Quick, non-invasive and quantitative assessment of small fiber neuropathy in patients receiving chemotherapy,” Journal of Neuro-Oncology, vol. 127, no. 2, pp. 373–380, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. He, C. Wang, A. Zuo et al., “Electrochemical skin conductance may be used to screen for diabetic cardiac autonomic neuropathy in a Chinese population with diabetes,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2017, Article ID 8289740, p. 6, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. T. Malecki, G. Osmenda, M. Walus-Miarka et al., “Retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with increased intima-media thickness and endothelial dysfunction,” European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 925–930, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. H. Gabbay, “The sorbitol pathway and the complications of diabetes,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 288, no. 16, pp. 831–836, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. V. G. Eranki, R. Santosh, K. Rajitha et al., “Sudomotor function assessment as a screening tool for microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. e11–e13, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. Pradeepa, B. Anitha, V. Mohan, A. Ganesan, and M. Rema, “Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in a South Indian type 2 diabetic population—the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES) Eye Study 4,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 536–542, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus