Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 8289740, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8289740
Research Article

Electrochemical Skin Conductance May Be Used to Screen for Diabetic Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in a Chinese Population with Diabetes

1Department of Endocrinology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China
2Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Li Chen; nc.moc.liamdem@3ilnehc and Xinguo Hou; nc.moc.liamdem@ougnixuoh

Received 8 September 2016; Revised 1 December 2016; Accepted 9 January 2017; Published 9 February 2017

Academic Editor: Chi Zhang

Copyright © 2017 Tianyi He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Zimmet, K. G. M. M. Alberti, and J. Shaw, “Global and societal implications of the diabetes epidemic,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6865, pp. 782–787, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Xu, L. Wang, J. He et al., “Prevalence and control of diabetes in Chinese adults,” JAMA, vol. 310, no. 9, pp. 948–958, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Dimitropoulos, A. A. Tahrani, and M. J. Stevens, “Cardiac autonomic neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus,” World Journal of Diabetes, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 17–39, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. American Diabetes Association, “Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013,” Diabetes Care, vol. 36, supplement 1, pp. S11–S66, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. J. M. Boulton, A. I. Vinik, J. C. Arezzo et al., “Diabetic neuropathies: a statement by the american diabetes association,” Diabetes Care, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 956–962, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. S. Balcıoğlu, “Diabetes and cardiac autonomic neuropathy: clinical manifestations, cardiovascular consequences, diagnosis and treatment,” World Journal of Diabetes, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 80–91, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. V. Spallone, D. Ziegler, R. Freeman et al., “Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: clinical impact, assessment, diagnosis, and management,” Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 639–653, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Calmet, K. Khalfallah, H. Ayoub et al., “Small fiber neuropathy diagnosis by a non-invasive electrochemical method: mimicking the in-vivo responses by optimization of electrolytic cell parameters,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 140, pp. 37–41, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Ramachandran, A. Moses, S. Shetty et al., “A new non-invasive technology to screen for dysglycaemia including diabetes,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 302–306, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Müller, E. Parfentyeva, J. Olschewsky, S. R. Bornstein, and P. E. H. Schwarz, “Assessment of small fiber neuropathy to predict future risk of type 2 diabetes,” Primary Care Diabetes, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 269–273, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. I. Freedman, D. W. Bowden, S. C. Smith, J. Xu, and J. Divers, “Relationships between electrochemical skin conductance and kidney disease in Type 2 diabetes,” Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 56–60, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. S. Yajnik, V. Kantikar, A. Pande et al., “Screening of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with diabetes using non-invasive quick and simple assessment of sudomotor function,” Diabetes and Metabolism, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 126–131, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. G. Eranki, R. Santosh, K. Rajitha et al., “Sudomotor function assessment as a screening tool for microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. e11–e13, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Selvarajah, T. Cash, J. Davies et al., “SUDOSCAN: a simple, rapid, and objective method with potential for screening for diabetic peripheral neuropathy,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 10, Article ID e0138224, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. A. Low, “Evaluation of sudomotor function,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 115, no. 7, pp. 1506–1513, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. J. Ewing, C. N. Martyn, R. J. Young, and B. F. Clarke, “The value of cardiovascular autonomic function tests: 10 years experience in diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 491–498, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Tesfaye, A. J. Boulton, P. J. Dyck et al., “Toronto Diabetic Neuropathy Expert Group, Diabetic neuropathies: update on definitions, diagnostic criteria, estimation of severity, and treatments,” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 2285–2293, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. E. Maser, B. D. Mitchell, A. I. Vinik, and R. Freeman, “The association between cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and mortality in individuals with diabetes a meta-analysis,” Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1895–1901, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. H. Young, F. J. T. Wackers, D. A. Chyun et al., “Cardiac outcomes after screening for asymptomatic coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes the DIAD study: a randomized controlled trial,” JAMA—Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 301, no. 15, pp. 1547–1555, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Z.-H. Tang, F. Zeng, Z. Li, and L. Zhou, “Association and predictive value analysis for resting heart rate and diabetes mellitus on cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in general population,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2014, Article ID 215473, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Khalfallah, H. Ayoub, J. H. Calvet et al., “Noninvasive galvanic skin sensor for early diagnosis of sudomotor dysfunction: application to diabetes,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 456–463, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. I. Vinik, A. G. Smith, J. R. Singleton et al., “Normative values for electrochemical skin conductances and impact of ethnicity on quantitative assessment of sudomotor function,” Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 391–398, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Grandinetti, D. C. Chow, D. M. Sletten et al., “Impaired glucose tolerance is associated with postganglionic sudomotor impairment,” Clinical Autonomic Research, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 231–233, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. M. Casellini, H. K. Parson, M. S. Richardson, M. L. Nevoret, and A. I. Vinik, “Sudoscan, a noninvasive tool for detecting diabetic small fiber neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction,” Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 948–953, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. S. Yajnik, V. V. Kantikar, A. J. Kantikar Pande et al., “Quick and simple evaluation of sudomotor function for screening of diabetic neuropathy,” ISRN Endocrinology, vol. 2012, Article ID 103714, 7 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar