Table 5: Logistic regression model on incidence of receiving antidiabetic medication among middle-aged and elderly diabetes patients.

UrbanRural
Odds ratio95% CIOdds ratio95% CI

Gender (ref. female)0.5551(0.2141-1.4391)0.9052(0.5207-1.5739)
Age (ref. ≤ 55)
 56–650.9817(0.6663-1.3928)1.4237(0.9608-2.1761)
 >650.8092(0.4745-1.2771)1.0788(0.5417-1.9686)
Ethnic group (ref. Han)0.7072(0.2122-2.3567)0.4112(0.1715-0.8863)
Marital status (ref. divorced/single)1.2728(0.8341-1.6024)1.2486(0.7657-1.5948)
Education level (ref. less than primary school)
 Less than lower secondary1.0340(0.3987-2.9754)1.1415(0.7232-1.9017)
 Upper secondary & vocational training1.3928(0.9033-1.6541)1.1749(0.5098-1.7854)
Family size (ref. ≤ 2)1.1804(0.5426-1.8329)1.4037(0.8316-1.8021)
Household income per capita (log)1.1682(0.6530-1.6392)1.4662(0.7751-1.7998)
Type of labour (ref. government & institutions)
 Farmer0.7636(0.2988-2.1452)0.8289(0.4446-1.9450)
 Self-employed/employed2.6591(1.0008-4.0149)3.4054(0.3585-9.3468)
Never drunk (ref. history of drinking)0.9704(0.4338-2.1709)1.3116(0.8168-2.3085)
Never smoked (ref. history of smoking)0.9883(0.3788-2.5791)0.9144(0.5186-2.6123)
ADL (ref. without any ADL)2.3800(0.6907-8.2009)1.3776(0.7673-2.4743)
BMI (ref. ≤ 18.5)
 18.6–24.11.0009(0.2321-2.4933)1.1721(0.4499-3.0530)
 >24.10.8983(0.3890-2.0746)1.2010(0.7845-1.8385)
Self-reported health status0.6656(0.2617-0.9981)0.9338(0.5725-1.5652)
Having hypertension (ref. no)1.6678(0.7710-2.4429)0.9856(0.4700-2.0499)

Note: estimates were weighted using individual sampling weights and adjusted for household and individual responses. , ,