Journal of Diabetes Research / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Eastern and Southeastern Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 1

Pooled prevalence and 95% confidence interval of gestational diabetes according to the income group, screening type, and country.

StudiesSubjectsPrevalenceLower 95% CIUpper 95% CII2Pheterogeneity

Income level
 High
  JSOG238772.802.313.390.00%0.411
  NDDG435,4004.212.158.2699.30%<0.001
  ICD1011,306,2817.537.517.56
  ADA 2007/CC91,880,1837.386.039.0398.90%<0.001
  WHO 1999–20062227215.3713.8917.02
  ADA 2012/IADPSG/WHO 2013616,2377.484.7411.8098.60%<0.001
  Subtotal243,244,2506.664.4010.0998.30%<0.001
 Lower- or upper-middle
  NDDG879,4875.834.317.9099.10%<0.001
  ADA 2004/ADA 2010428,3426.594.409.8698.50%<0.001
  ADA 2007/CC421,25911.854.9428.4299.80%<0.001
  WHO 1999–20068183,5458.575.2314.0699.90%<0.001
  ADA 2012/IADPSG/WHO 201314113,65617.5615.0720.4799.20%<0.001
  ADIPS981277220.8219.3422.40
  Subtotal39429,06110.847.3515.9994.40%<0.001
Type of screening
 One step1395,63815.7113.8817.7798.90%<0.001
 Two-step32338,8257.155.639.0899.70%<0.001
 Unspecified33,132,3297.837.398.2999.70%<0.001
Country
 Mainland China21282,08611.918.9615.8399.90%<0.001
 Japan512,5966.083.4910.6298.70%<0.001
 Korea83,180,5157.126.747.5399.60%<0.001
 Malaysia1153811.8310.3013.60
 Singapore1113618.9316.7421.40
 Taiwan530,9446.514.459.5499.0%<0.001
 Thailand655,2056.104.398.4898.8%<0.001
 Vietnam1277220.0619.2820.87
 All483,566,79210.076.4715.6899.3%<0.001

—: not applicable; ADA: American Diabetes Association; ADIPS: Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society; CC: Carpenter-Coustan; IADPSG: International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups; ICD: International Classification of Diseases; JSOG: Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology; NDDG: National Diabetes Data Group; WHO: World Health Organization.