Table 1: Characteristics and clinical indicators of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or healthy pregnancies.

CharacteristicGDM group ()Control group ()

Maternal age (years)0.067
Preconception BMI (kg/m2)0.166
Prenatal BMI (kg/m2)0.491
Gestational age at delivery (weeks)0.167
Neonatal birth weight (g)0.777
FPG (mmol/L)<0.001
OGTT 1 h (mmol/L)<0.001
OGTT 2 h (mmol/L)<0.001

Values are expressed as . Abbreviations: BMI: body mass index; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus; OGTT: oral glucose tolerance test.