Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2019, Article ID 2435261, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2435261
Research Article

Electrophysiological Characterization of Neuropathy Complicating Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, 11111, Sudan
2Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, 11111, Sudan

Correspondence should be addressed to Afraa Musa; moc.liamg@asumarfa

Received 19 February 2019; Revised 21 May 2019; Accepted 17 June 2019; Published 2 July 2019

Academic Editor: Mark Yorek

Copyright © 2019 Nimat Abuelwafaa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Kuzuya, S. Nakagawa, J. Satoh et al., “Report of the committee on the classification and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 65–85, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. J. Boulton, A. I. Vinik, J. C. Arezzo et al., “Diabetic neuropathies a statement by the American Diabetes Association,” Diabetes Care, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 956–962, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. Turgut, S. Karasalihoglu, Y. Kücükugurluoglu, K. Balci, G. Ekuklu, and F. Tütüncüler, “Clinical utility of dorsal sural nerve conduction studies in healthy and diabetic children,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 115, no. 6, pp. 1452–1456, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Dorchy, P. Noel, M. Kruger et al., “Peroneal motor nerve conduction velocity in diabetic children and adolescents,” European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 144, no. 4, pp. 310–315, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. Nelson, J. K. Mah, C. Adams et al., “Comparison of conventional and non-invasive techniques for the early identification of diabetic neuropathy in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes,” Pediatric Diabetes, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 305–310, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. H. Riihimaa, K. Suominen, U. Tolonen, V. Jantti, M. Knip, and P. Tapanainen, “Peripheral nerve function is increasingly impaired during puberty in adolescents with type 1 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1087–1092, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Vinik, “Neuropathies in children and adolescents with diabetes: the tip of the iceberg,” Pediatric Diabetes, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 301–304, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. Hasani, S. Khosrawi, M. Hashemipour et al., “Prevalence and related risk-factors of peripheral neuropathy in children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 132–136, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. England, G. S. Gronseth, G. Franklin et al., “Distal symmetric polyneuropathy: a definition for clinical research: report of the American Academy of Neurology, the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,” Neurology, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 199–207, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Asad, M. A. Hameed, U. A. Khan, M. U. Butt, N. Ahmed, and A. Nadeem, “Comparison of nerve conduction studies with diabetic neuropathy symptom score and diabetic neuropathy examination score in type-2 diabetics for detection of sensorimotor polyneuropathy,” JPMA: The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 594–598, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. K. Sethi and L. L. Thompson, The Electromyographer’s Handbook, Little Brown, 1989.
  12. A. J. M. Boulton, R. A. Malik, J. C. Arezzo, and J. M. Sosenko, “Diabetic somatic neuropathies,” Diabetes Care, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1458–1486, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Hyllienmark, N. Alstrand, B. Jonsson, J. Ludvigsson, G. Cooray, and J. Wahlberg-Topp, “Early electrophysiological abnormalities and clinical neuropathy: a prospective study in patients with type 1 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 3187–3194, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. J. Dyck, K. M. Kratz, K. A. Lehman et al., “The Rochester Diabetic Neuropathy Study design, criteria for types of neuropathy, selection bias, and reproducibility of neuropathic tests,” Neurology, vol. 41, no. 6, p. 799, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. B. E. S. N. Ferreira, I. N. Silva, and J. T. de Oliveira, “High prevalence of diabetic polyneuropathy in a group of Brazilian children with type 1 diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 18, no. 11, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. I. Höliner, V. Haslinger, J. Lütschg et al., “Validity of the neurological examination in diagnosing diabetic peripheral neuropathy,” Pediatric Neurology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 171–177, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Hirschfeld, M. von Glischinski, C. Knop et al., “Difficulties in screening for peripheral neuropathies in children with diabetes,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 786–789, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Cenesiz, B. S. Tur, T. Tezic, and Y. Gurer, “Nerve conduction in children suffering insulin dependent diabetes mellitus,” The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 70, no. 12, pp. 945–951, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Hyllienmark, T. Brismar, and J. Ludvigsson, “Subclinical nerve dysfunction in children and adolescents with IDDM,” Diabetologia, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 685–692, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. S. Lee, H. S. Han, and H. Kim, “A 5-yr follow-up nerve conduction study for the detection of subclinical diabetic neuropathy in children with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Pediatric Diabetes, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 521–528, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Moglia, R. Lorini, G. D'Annunzio, G. Lanzi, A. Berardinelli, and C. Zandrini, “Clinical and neurophysiological study in diabetic children and adolescents,” Functional Neurology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 75–82, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. E. Thomas and E. H. Lambert, “Ulnar nerve conduction velocity and H-reflex in infants and children,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. Chen, M. Andary, R. Buschbacher et al., “Electrodiagnostic reference values for upper and lower limb nerve conduction studies in adult populations,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 371–377, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. Rota, R. Quadri, E. Fanti et al., “Electrophysiological findings of peripheral neuropathy in newly diagnosed type II diabetes mellitus,” Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 348–353, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Allen, S. C. Duck, S. Robert L, H. M. Swick, D. J. D'alessio, and for the Wisconsin Diabetes Registry, “Glycemic control and peripheral nerve conduction in children and young adults after 5–6 mo of IDDM,” Diabetes Care, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 502–507, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. J. Dyck, R. E. Carter, and W. J. Litchy, “Modeling nerve conduction criteria for diagnosis of diabetic polyneuropathy,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 340–345, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Lamontagne and F. Buchthal, “Electrophysiological studies in diabetic neuropathy,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 442–452, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. Toopchizadeh, S. Shiva, N.-Y. Khiabani, and R. Ghergherechi, “Electrophysiologic pattern and prevalence of subclinical peripheral neuropathy in children and adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus in Iran,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 299–303, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. S. Chopra, L. J. Hurwitz, and D. A. D. Montgomery, “The pathogenesis of sural nerve changes in diabetes mellitus,” Brain, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 391–418, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M.-L. Käär, A. L. Saukkonen, M. Pitkänen, and H. K. Åkerblom, “Peripheral neuropathy in diabetic children and adolescents,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 373–378, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Weisman, V. Bril, M. Ngo et al., “Identification and prediction of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy using individual and simple combinations of nerve conduction study parameters,” PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 3, article e58783, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. H. Hendriksen, P. L. Oey, G. H. Wieneke, B. Bravenboer, and A. C. van Huffelen, “Subclinical diabetic polyneuropathy: early detection of involvement of different nerve fibre types,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 509–514, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Karsidag, S. Moralı, M. Sargın, S. Salman, K. Karsidag, and O. Us, “The electrophysiological findings of subclinical neuropathy in patients with recently diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 211–219, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. Claus, C. Mustafa, W. Vogel, M. Herz, and B. Neundörfer, “Assessment of diabetic neuropathy: definition of normal and discrimination of abnormal nerve function,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 757–768, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus