Table 1: Demographics and medical history of patients in the DM/non-DM group and CAD/non-CAD group.

All patients ()DM ()Non-DM ()P valueCAD ()Non-CAD () value

Mean age, years (±SD)65 (±9)65 (±8.9)62 (±10.1)0.5767 (±11.8)75 (±14.1)0.19
Sex (male, n, %)58 (67.4)33 (60)25 (69)0.5128 (62)29 (70)0.39
BMI (kg/m2) (±SD)29 (±5.9)31260.428300.51
Hypertension (n, %)75 (87)45 (90)30 (83)0.5540 (88.8)35 (85)0.64
DM (n, %)50 (58.1)0.8
(i) Insulin21 (42)12 (26.6)10 (24.4)0.9
(ii) Oral28 (56)14 (31)13 (31)0.95
(iii) Diet only1 (2)1 (2)0
(iv) Non-DM036 (100)18 (40)18 (43.9)0.87
CAD (n, %)45 (52.3)28 (56)17 (47)0.5645 (100)0
COPD (n, %)11 (12.8)7 (14)4 (11)0.37 (15.5)4 (9)0.42
Hypercholesterolemia (n, %)52 (60.5)27 (54)25 (69)0.127 (60)25 (62)0.79
Previous stroke/TIA (n, %)8 (9.3)5 (10)3 (8)0.854 (8)4 (9)0.89
Smoking (n, %)38 (44.2)21 (42)17 (47)0.5418 (40)20 (48.7)0.24

BMI: body mass index; CAD: coronary artery disease; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM: diabetes mellitus; SD: standard deviation: TIA: transient ischemic attack.