Journal of Diabetes Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Outpatients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Table 2

Characteristics according to severity of SDB.

No/mild SDB ()Moderate SDB ()Severe SDB () valueNo/mild vs. moderate SDBModerate vs. severe SDBNo/mild vs. severe SDB

Mean AHI/h<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)<0.0010.054<0.001<0.001
Waist-hip ratio<0.001<0.0010.093<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)<0.0010.1390.002<0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg)0.0410.1351.000.179
Diastolic BP (mmHg)0.3930.9801.000.794
HDL (mg/dl)0.0160.0801.000.080
Triglycerides (mg/dl)0.2730.5971.000.699
HbA1c (%)0.1110.8670.1100.340
HOMA index0.1370.6071.000.242
Number of NCEP criteria0.0090.3060.3500.013

Results are provided as deviation and value (ANOVA). values among groups were assessed by post hoc test (Bonferroni). AHI: apnea-hypopnea index; BMI: body mass index; BP: blood pressure; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; HbA1c: haemoglobin A1c; HOMA: Homeostasis Model Assessment (fasting, use of long-acting insulin), ESS: Epworth Sleepiness Scale; 413 patients included.

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