Journal of Diabetes Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Outpatients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Table 3

Multivariable logistic regression analysis.

Metabolic syndromeWaist  cm (m) or >88 (f) mmHg/dlHDL <50 mg/dl (m) or <40 mg/dl (f)
OR (95% CI) valueOR (95% CI) valueOR (95% CI) valueOR (95% CI) valueOR (95% CI) value

AHI1.039 (1.011; 1.068)0.0071.031 (1.006; 1.056)0.0141.049 (1.000; 1.100)0.0481.018 (1.002; 1.035)0.0291.012 (0.995; 1.030)0.167
Sex2.477 (1.377; 4.457)0.0026.874 (3.704; 12.757)<0.0010.620 (0.300; 1.284)0.1980.937 (0.611; 1.436)0.7651.372 (0.847; 2.222)0.199
Age1.010 (0.733; 1.392)0.9500.973 (0.689; 1. 373)0.8761.856 (1.253; 2.750)0.0020.909 (0.713; 1.161)0.4460.763 (0.578; 1.007)0.056
Obesity7.505 (3.689; 15.268)<0.00121.858 (11.129; 42.934)<0.0011.655 (0.733; 3.735)0.2251.411 (0.917; 2.172)0.1171.243 (0.760; 2.033)0.386
HOMA index1.313 (1.156; 1.491)<0.0011.106 (1.026; 1.192)0.0081.147 (0.996; 1.321)0.0581.038 (1.004; 1.074)0.0291.056 (1.021; 1.093)0.002

Shown are adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and values. The variables used in the regression model were AHI, sex (male), age (decades), obesity (), and the HOMA index. AHI: apnea-hypopnea index; HOMA: Homeostasis Model Assessment (fasting, use of long-acting insulin); or on antihypertensive medication; or on triglyceride-lowering medication.

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