Journal of Diabetes Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Physical Activity and Risk of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Prediabetes among Males and Females in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014

Table 1

Descriptive Characteristics according to Sex; NHANES, 2007-2014, (N = 17,871).

CharacteristicsOverall
(n = 17,871)
Female
(n = 9,134)
Male
(n = 8,737)
p value
n (%)n (%)n (%)

Age (mean, SD)43.48 (16.68)44.81 (17.09)42.06 (16.00)< 0.0001
Race/ethncity
 White7,781 (67.89)4,012 (68.44)3,769 (67.29)<0.0001
 Black3,659 (10.83)1,854 (11.39)1,805 (10.23)
 Hispanic4,553 (14.25)2,344 (13.3)2,209 (15.27)
 Other1,878 (7.03)924 (6.87)954 (7.21)
Body mass index<0.0001
 Underweight (<18.5 kg/m2)386 (1.95)243 (2.52)143 (1.33)
 Normal (18.5-<25 kg/m2)5,624 (33.33)2,974 (36.40)2,650 (30.10)
 Overweight (25-<30 kg/m2)5,669 (33.84)2,522 (28.86)3,147 (39.17)
 Obese (≥30 kg/m2)5,439 (31.88)3,075 (32.22)2,364 (29.44)
Education<0.0001
 Less than high school4,419 (16.89)2,137 (15.95)2,282 (17.89)
 High school graduate4,178 (22.51)2,009 (21.16)2,169 (23.96)
 Some college5,216 (31.22)2,892 (33.39)2,324 (28.88)
 College graduate or higher4,037 (29.38)2,085 (29.50)1,952 (29.27)
Family poverty/income ratio<0.0001
 ≤1.35,515(23.01)2,957 (24.3)2,558 (21.63)
 1.3-3.55,764 (34.34)2,932 (34.84)2,832 (33.81)
 > 3.54, 998 (42.65)2,449 (40.86)2,549 (44.56)
Smoking status<0.0001
 Never9,755 (57.15)5,688 (62.22)4,067 (51.68)
 Past3,558 (21.81)1,477 (19.35)2,081 (24.47)
 Current3,700 (21.04)1,568 (18.43)2, 132 (23.85)
Family history of diabetes<0.0001
 Yes5,823 (33.39)3,198 (35.36)2,625 (31.26)
 No10,554 (66.61)5,208 (64.64)5,346 (68.74)
Hypertension0.6
 Yes5,783 (29.69)3,000 (29.90)2,783 (29.47)
 No12,085 (70.31)6,132 (70.10)5,953 (29.47)
Healthy eating index score (mean, SD)55.13 (13.36)56.19 (13.18)54.01 (13.19)<0.0001
Total MVPA
 None4,173 (19.72)2,615 (24.46)1,558 (14.66)<0.0001
 <10 MET-hrs/wk2,371 (13.07)1,466 (15.97)905 (9.98)
 10-20 MET-hrs/wk2,237 (12.98)1,323 (15.15)914 (10.66)
 >20 MET-hrs/wk9.090 (54.22)3,730 (44.43)5,360 (64.71)
Leisure-time MVPA<0.0001
 None8,745 (43.33)4,820 (46.39)3,925 (40.05)
 <10 MET-hrs/wk2,663 (16.45)1,498 (17.92)1,165 (14.88)
 10-20 MET-hrs/wk2,330 (14.81))1,213 (15.31)1,117 (14.27)
 >20 MET-hrs/wk4,133 (25.42)1,603 (20.39)2,530 (30.80)
Occupational MVPA<0.0001
 None10,598 (56.07)6,076 (63.43)4,522 (48.21)
 <10 MET-hrs/wk1,225 (7.54)655 (7.96)570 (7.09)
 10-20 MET-hrs/wk1,046 (6.68)506 (6.43)540 (6.95)
 >20 MET-hrs/wk5,002 (29.71)1,897 (22.18)3,105 (37.75)

Abbreviations: MET, Metabolic Equivelent; MVPA = moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Percents, means, and standard deviations are weighted; counts are sampled number of observations; numbers may not sum to 17,871 due to missing data.

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