Journal of Diabetes Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy and Declining Renal Function in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Table 3

Logistic models for DR progression.

CharacteristicsFrom no DR to NPDRFrom NPDR to PDR
UnivariateMultivariateUnivariateMultivariate
Odds ratio (95% CI)Odds ratio (95% CI)Odds ratio (95% CI)Odds ratio (95% CI)

Age (per year)0.999 (0.981-1.018)0.953 (0.926-0.980)0.966 (0.937-0.995)
Duration of diabetes (per year)1.067 (1.037-1.098)1.062 (1.025-1.100)0.995(0.995-1.037)
FPG (per mg/dl)1.006 (1.003-1.008)1.003 (1.000-1.007)1.003 (0.999-1.007)
HbA1c (per %)1.401 (1.261-1.557)1.353 (1.191-1.537)1.210 (1.028-1.426)1.111 (0.933-1.323)
Albuminuria (vs. no)3.843 (1.889-7.819)2.791 (1.244-6.263)1.993 (0.908-4.376)
eGFR (per ml/min/1.73m2)0.993 (0.982-1.003)0.998 (0.983-1.013)
Decrease % (vs. no)1.953 (1.005-3.796)0.879 (0.373-2.075)3.423 (1.696-6.908)2.553 (1.219-5.348)

. Abbreviation: DR: diabetic retinopathy; NPDR: nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy; PDR: proliferative diabetic retinopathy; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; hemoglobin A1c: HbA1c; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate.

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