Journal of Diabetes Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Changes and Risk Factors of Skeletal Muscle Mass and Strength in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes over 60 Years Old: A Cross-Sectional Study from China

Table 1

The basic information of the subjects (mean ± SD or %).

T2DM ()NDM ()

Basic information
 Gender (male/female)69/5170/560.759
 Age (y)0.992
 Smoking
  [ (%)]37 (30.8)34 (27.0)0.574
  Male/female37/034/0
 Drinking
  [ (%)]31 (25.8)29 (23.0)0.657
  Male/female31/029/0
 Balanced diet [ (%)]69 (57.50)58 (46.03)0.072
 Sleeping >5 h [ (%)]82 (68.33)73 (57.94)0.091
 Physical activity [>1 h/d, (%)]71 (59.17)63 (50.0)0.149
 Education level [>8 y, (%)]75 (62.5)69 (54.76)0.218
Anthropometric measurements
 Height (cm)0.057
 Weight (kg)0.819
 BMI (kg/m2)0.088
 Grip strength (kg)<0.01
 ASMM (kg)0.998
Blood tests
 HbA1C (%)<0.01
 Calcium (mmol/L)<0.01
 VitD3 (ng/ml)<0.01
 lg(IL-6) (pg/ml)0.366
 lg(TNF-α) (pg/ml)0.087
 lg(8-OHdG) (pg/ml)<0.01
 lg(HCY) (nmol/ml)<0.01
 IGF-1 (ng/ml)<0.05

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